The Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge provides a direct route to the western side of the Pearl River estuary. Over 100 airlines operate flights from the airport, including locally based Cathay Pacific (flag carrier), Hong Kong Airlines, low-cost airline HK Express and cargo airline Air Hong Kong. km in the eastern Pearl River Delta of the South China Sea. The Governor of Hong Kong, Mark Young, surrendered in person at the temporary Japanese headquarters, on the third floor of the Peninsula Hotel, thus beginning the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. It covers about a fifth of the whole island. For day or half day trippers, take the cable car to Ngong Ping to visit the Big Buddha and Po Lin Monastery. If you mean the city areas of Hong Kong when you say "the main part of HK", then the northern part of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon are both city areas.  Some (including the Court of Final Appeal Building and the Hong Kong Observatory) retain their original function, and others have been adapted and reused; the Former Marine Police Headquarters was redeveloped into a commercial and retail complex, and Béthanie (built in 1875 as a sanatorium) houses the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts.  Examples include Lui Seng Chun, the Blue House in Wan Chai, and the Shanghai Street shophouses in Mong Kok. , Tong lau, mixed-use tenement buildings constructed during the colonial era, blended southern Chinese architectural styles with European influences. In future, the planned North Island line infrastructure project would extend both the Tung Chung line and the Tseung Kwan O line to connect them to each other, forming a route parallel to the middle section of the Island line.  Mainland Chinese citizens do not have right of abode in Hong Kong and are subject to immigration controls.  The government has been repeatedly petitioned to introduce direct elections for these positions.  It does not specify how Hong Kong will be governed after 2047, and the central government's role in determining the territory's future system of government is the subject of political debate and speculation. Conditions on the island improved during the Taiping Rebellion in the 1850s, when many Chinese refugees, including wealthy merchants, fled mainland turbulence and settled in the colony. , The Legislative Council has 70 members, each serving a four-year term. The northern part of Hong Kong Island, together with Kowloon and Tsuen Wan New Town, forms the core urban area of Hong Kong.  Nuclear families are the most common households, although multi-generational and extended families are not unusual. Broadband Internet access is widely available, with 92.6 per cent of households connected. The territory's 2,755 km2 (1,064 sq mi) area consists of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories, Lantau Island, and over 200 other islands.  The whole territory was transferred to China in 1997. Qin Shi Huang's imperial government settled Baiyue, and later Hong Kong Island was under the jurisdiction of Panyu County (番禺縣) in Nanhai County (南海郡), to the Western Jin Dynasty. Private schools subsidised under the Direct Subsidy Scheme and international schools fall outside of this system and may elect to use differing curricula and teach using other languages. Products from mainland China account for about 40 per cent of that traffic. The government was forced to use substantial foreign exchange reserves to maintain the Hong Kong dollar's currency peg during the 1997 Asian financial crisis, and the recovery from this was muted by an H5N1 avian-flu outbreak and a housing surplus. , Although the territory had one of Asia's largest manufacturing economies during the latter half of the colonial era, Hong Kong's economy is now dominated by the service sector. Mainstream culture is derived from immigrants originating from various parts of China. Although the traders were expelled after military clashes in the 1520s, Portuguese-Chinese trade relations were re-established by 1549. The Second World War was a dark period for Hong Kong. More than 90 per cent of Hong Kong's food is imported, including nearly all its meat and rice. Local versions of Western food are served at cha chaan teng (fast, casual restaurants). , The central government and Ministry of Foreign Affairs handle diplomatic matters, but Hong Kong retains the ability to maintain separate economic and cultural relations with foreign nations. No longer part of the Commonwealth of Nations, the city's last appearance in the latter was in 1994.  The central government decision to implement nominee pre-screening before allowing Chief Executive elections triggered a series of protests in 2014 which became known as the Umbrella Revolution. Explore similarities and differences. Mongkok and Tsim Sha Tsui are both part of Kowloon.  Freshness of ingredients is emphasised.  RTHK is the public broadcaster, providing seven radio channels and three television channels.  With a daily ridership of over five million, the system serves 41 per cent of all public transit passengers in the city and has an on-time rate of 99.9 per cent.  The city has the largest number of skyscrapers of any city in the world, and its residents have some of the highest life expectancies in the world. Hong Kong is about 9,011 times smaller than Canada.. Canada is approximately 9,984,670 sq km, while Hong Kong is approximately 1,108 sq km, making Hong Kong 0.01% the size of Canada.  The name was also commonly written as the single word Hongkong until 1926, when the government officially adopted the two-word name. , The government maintains a policy of "mother tongue instruction"; most schools use Cantonese as the medium of instruction, with written education in both Chinese and English.  The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the seventh-largest in the world, with a market capitalisation of HK$30.4 trillion (US$3.87 trillion) as of December 2018[update]. , Administrative infrastructure was quickly built by early 1842, but piracy, disease, and hostile Qing policies initially prevented the government from attracting commerce.  Lower than that of other developed economies, the rate is due to the influx of refugees from mainland China during the post-war colonial era.  Sex trafficking in Hong Kong is an issue. The 30 limited electorate functional constituencies fill their seats using first-past-the-post or instant-runoff voting. , Demand for new construction has contributed to frequent demolition of older buildings, freeing space for modern high-rises. , As the mainland liberalised its economy, Hong Kong's shipping industry faced intense competition from other Chinese ports. , The colony was further expanded in 1898 when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories. mi.).  A similar economic partnership with Macau details the liberalisation of trade between the special administrative regions. Hong Kong wealth gap hits record high", "Veterans who fled mainland for Hong Kong in 1970s tell their stories", "Hong Kong's heritage sites face continued threat despite government grading system", "Another Hong Kong election, another pro-Beijing leader—why it matters", "These 25 countries have the most billionaires", "Asian Cup: Know Your History – Part One (1956–1988)", "Hong Kong Activists Stare Down 'Great Firewall of China, "Here Be Dragons: How Feng Shui Shapes the Skyline of Hong Kong", "Hong Kong during World War II: A Transnational Battlefield", "Hong Kong's Stock Market Tells the Story of China's Growing Dominance", "Meanings of Right of Abode and Other Terms", World Bank Summary Trade Statistics Hong Kong, claimed by the People's Republic of China, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China, Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hong_Kong&oldid=992999459, Chinese-speaking countries and territories, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1997, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Hong Kong English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, All articles with links needing disambiguation, Articles with links needing disambiguation from December 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Officially the Republic of China, participates as ", This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 06:52. It is estimated that at during the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the island already had commercial activity. It is separated from the mainland (Kowloon Peninsula and New Territories) by Victoria Harbour. In population, itâs around 7.5 million. Hong Kong Island covers a mere 7% of the total territory. Traditional Chinese values emphasising family and education blend with Western ideals, including economic liberty and the rule of law.  Despite a general decline since late in the decade, Cantopop remains dominant in Hong Kong; contemporary artists such as Eason Chan, Joey Yung, and Twins are popular in and beyond the territory. They are both busy city areas with shops, night life etc.  At the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, Governor Geoffry Northcote declared Hong Kong a neutral zone to safeguard its status as a free port.  Chinese companies have expanded their economic presence in the territory since the transfer of sovereignty. Aberdeen is a town of approximately 60,000 people on the south side of Hong Kong Island. The Immigration Department issues passports for permanent residents which differ from those of the mainland or Macau, and the region maintains a regulated border with the rest of the country.  There are five daily meals: breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, dinner, and siu yeh.  As a special administrative region, Hong Kong maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China under the principle of "one country, two systems". Hong Kong , officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a metropolitan area and special administrative region of the People's Republic of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta of the South China Sea. It is the most popular Chinese city for tourists, receiving over 70 per cent more visitors than its closest competitor (Macau). After reversal of the last colonial era Legislative Council democratic reforms following the handover, the regional government unsuccessfully attempted to enact national security legislation pursuant to Article 23 of the Basic Law.  Several international publications have regional operations in Hong Kong, including The Wall Street Journal, The Financial Times, The New York Times International Edition, USA Today, Yomiuri Shimbun, and The Nikkei. , Three free-to-air television broadcasters operate in the territory; TVB, HKTVE, and Hong Kong Open TV air three analogue and eight digital channels. Big Bus Tours offers you the most unique and comprehensive sightseeing experience to discover all that Hong Kong has to offer as the city is brought to colourful life with a fun and entertaining commentary in a choice of 10 languages. Two other rail systems, Hong Kong Tramways and the Peak Tram, also run exclusively on Hong Kong Island. , Hong Kong is the tenth-largest trading entity in exports and imports (2017), trading more goods in value than its gross domestic product.  The vast majority also hold Chinese nationality, automatically granted to all ethnic Chinese residents at the transfer of sovereignty. Hong Kong has the world's largest number of skyscrapers, with 317 towers taller than 150 metres (490 ft), and the third-largest number of high-rise buildings in the world. The colony faced an uncertain future as the end of the New Territories lease approached, and Governor Murray MacLehose raised the question of Hong Kong's status with Deng Xiaoping in 1979. After days of city living in on HK island and Kowloon, it was time to branch out to Outlying Islands. The island was given as a gesture of goodwill back to China at the end of the New Territories lease, to ensure continued peace and fair trading in the area. , The simplified name Hong Kong was frequently used by 1810. Set at the base of lush mountains on the back side of Hong Kong Island, far from â¦ Suffix "side" applied to other locations (e.g. These advise the government on local issues such as public facility provisioning, community programme maintenance, cultural promotion, and environmental policy. The city's martial arts film roots are evident in the roles of the most prolific Hong Kong actors. , 80.2% of Hong Kong Island's residents use Cantonese as their usual language, while 8% use English and 1.9% use Mandarin.. The Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra, composed of classical Chinese instruments, is the leading Chinese ensemble and plays a significant role in promoting traditional music in the community.  Vehicle traffic is extremely congested in urban areas, exacerbated by limited space to expand roads and an increasing number of vehicles. The original Chinese settlement on this harbour was named Hong Kong, and when British seafarers landed here in the 19th century they mistook the name of the village for the name of the entire island.  Sir John Davis (the second colonial governor) offered an alternative origin; Davis said that the name derived from "Hoong-keang" ("red torrent"), reflecting the colour of soil over which a waterfall on the island flowed.  Although European demand for Chinese commodities like tea, silk, and porcelain was high, Chinese interest in European manufactured goods was insignificant, so that Chinese goods could only be bought with precious metals. Properties for sale in Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong SAR from Savills, world leading estate agents.  The Ping Shan Heritage Trail has architectural examples of several imperial Chinese dynasties, including the Tsui Sing Lau Pagoda (Hong Kong's only remaining pagoda). In an expensive city like Hong Kong, you would just assume taxis are expensive like any other big city in the world. The territory was the first market outside mainland China for renminbi-denominated bonds, and is one of the largest hubs for offshore renminbi trading.   The northern shore of the island is where the action is. , Hong Kong has eleven universities. August 2011 dusk view of Hong Kong Island as seen from, Legislative Council geographical constituencies, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Country parks and conservation in Hong Kong, "Highways Department - South Island Line(East)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hong_Kong_Island&oldid=982282356, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, All Wikipedia articles written in Hong Kong English, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles to be expanded from December 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Articles needing additional references from January 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 06:13.  Diplomatic negotiations with China resulted in the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration, in which the United Kingdom agreed to transfer the colony in 1997 and China would guarantee Hong Kong's economic and political systems for 50 years after the transfer. Hong Kong Island is the second-largest island of the territory, the largest being Lantau Island. Rome2rio makes travelling from Hong Kong Airport (HKG) to Big Wave Bay, Hong Kong Island easy.  Traditional Chinese characters are used in writing, rather than the simplified characters used on the mainland.  The dense space led to a developed transportation network with public transport rates exceeding 90 percent. Connections over fibre-optic infrastructure are increasingly prevalent, contributing to the high regional average connection speed of 21.9 Mbit/s (the world's fourth-fastest). , The name of the territory, first romanised as "He-Ong-Kong" in 1780, originally referred to a small inlet located between Aberdeen Island and the southern coast of Hong Kong Island.  The territory has participated in almost every Summer Olympics since 1952, and has earned three medals. The big Tai Tam Country Park is behind the urban area of Hong Kong Island. , Chinese national law does not generally apply in the region and Hong Kong is treated as a separate jurisdiction. , Tourism is a major part of the economy, accounting for five per cent of GDP. Dubaiâs Palm Jumeirah, also created by land reclamation, is â¦ , During the Middle Neolithic period, about 6,000 years ago, the region had been widely occupied by humans. Evolving from Shanghai-style shidaiqu, it is also influenced by Cantonese opera and Western pop. Hong Kong is a popular tourist destination in southeastern Asia, with a mixture of Eastern and Western cultural influences. Hong Kong has a total area of 1,108 km 2 (428 sq mi), of which 3.16% is water.  Mandatory education has contributed to an adult literacy rate of 95.7 per cent. Poultry and seafood are commonly sold live at wet markets, and ingredients are used as quickly as possible. Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement began by the UK in 1888 with the discovery of the island's phosphate deposits.  The lack of available space restricted development to high-density residential tenements and commercial complexes packed closely together on buildable land.  The remaining eight per cent are non-ethnic Chinese minorities, primarily Filipinos, Indonesians, and South Asians. The jurisdiction of an administrative region normally covers the total area within it and may include parts of seas and the neighboring island.  The Legislative Council became a fully elected legislature for the first time in 1995 and extensively expanded its functions and organisations throughout the last years of the colonial rule. , The Joint Declaration guarantees the Basic Law for 50 years after the transfer of sovereignty. The Kangxi Emperor lifted the prohibition, allowing foreigners to enter Chinese ports in 1684. Settlers from nearby provinces migrated to Kowloon throughout the Ming dynasty. Hongkonger and foreign women and girls are forced into prostitution in brothels, homes, and businesses in the city. The island is often referred to locally as "Hong Kong side" or "Island side". Over 90 per cent of daily trips are made on public transport, the highest percentage in the world. Of the total area, 1,073 km2 (414 sq mi) is land and 35 km2 (14 sq mi) is water. "Hong Kong Activists Stare Down 'Great Firewall of China'", Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, "Education in Hong Kong and China: Towards Convergence?  Of residents aged 15 and older, 81.3 per cent completed lower-secondary education, 66.4 per cent graduated from an upper secondary school, 31.6 per cent attended a non-degree tertiary program, and 24 per cent earned a bachelor's degree or higher. Aberdeen was an initial point of contact between British sailors and local fishermen. As seen on the physical map of Hong Kong, it also has several offshore islands including Lantau Island (the largest one), Hong Kong Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Island, Po Toi Island, and others.  Foreign domestic helpers, predominantly women from the Philippines and Indonesia, have little protection under regional law.  Over half a million people left the territory during the peak migration period, from 1987 to 1996.  Most private recreational aviation traffic flies through Shek Kong Airfield, under the supervision of the Hong Kong Aviation Club.  Dim sum, as part of yum cha (brunch), is a dining-out tradition with family and friends.  The law criminalises acts that were previously considered protected speech under Hong Kong law and establishes the Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR, an investigative office under Central People's Government authority immune from HKSAR jurisdiction. , In 1839, the Daoguang Emperor rejected proposals to legalise and tax opium and ordered imperial commissioner Lin Zexu to eradicate the opium trade. Thirty FC councillors are selected from limited electorates representing sectors of the economy or special interest groups, and the remaining five members are nominated from sitting District Council members and selected in region-wide double direct elections.  Hong Kong was transferred to China on 1 July 1997, after 156 years of British rule. Their combined area is approximately 88.3 square kilometres (34.1 square miles) and their combined population (that of the northern part of the island and of Kowloon) is approximately 3,156,500, reflecting a population density of 35,700/km2 (91,500/sq. , The Peak Tram, Hong Kong's first public transport system, has provided funicular rail transport between Central and Victoria Peak since 1888. Common cha chaan teng menu items include macaroni in soup, deep-fried French toast, and Hong Kong-style milk tea. The regional government is composed of three branches: The Chief Executive is the head of government and serves for a maximum of two five-year terms.  Toilets flush with seawater, greatly reducing freshwater use.. Its area is 78.59 km2 (30.34 sq mi), including 6.98 km2 (2.69 sq mi) of land reclaimed since 1887 and some smaller scale ones since 1851. , Hong Kong has a capitalist mixed service economy, characterised by low taxation, minimal government market intervention, and an established international financial market. According to the "Hong Kong Island East Region Winds", the Hong Kong Yacht Club (formerly known as Lantern Island, also known as Kellett Island) (the entrance to the Hong Kong Island at the Cross Harbour Tunnel today) has unearthed the copper coins from the Sui and Tang Dynasties to the Song Dynasty.  Hong Kong athletes have won 126 medals at the Paralympic Games and 17 at the Commonwealth Games.  About half the population have some form of British nationality, a legacy of colonial rule; 3.4 million residents have British National (Overseas) status, and 260,000 British citizens live in the territory.  The United Kingdom considers the law to be a serious violation of the Joint Declaration. Lantau Island Hong Kong â Last stop on my trip to Hong Kong: Lantau Island! At the height of the local movie industry in the early 1990s, over 400 films were produced each year; since then, industry momentum shifted to mainland China. , Hong Kong has a highly developed, sophisticated transport network.  Over half of its cargo throughput consists of transshipments (goods travelling through Hong Kong).  Pay TV services operated by Cable TV Hong Kong and PCCW offer hundreds of additional channels and cater to a variety of audiences.  Hong Kong is home to the second-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world, the highest number of billionaires of any city in Asia, and the largest concentration of ultra high-net-worth individuals of any city in the world. However, Allied forces there were ultimately defeated by the Japanese on 23 December, and Wong Nai Chung Reservoir was lost – the only one in Hong Kong at the time. Six of the MTR rapid transit system's eleven lines service Hong Kong Island. This electoral arrangement has guaranteed a pro-establishment majority in the legislature since the transfer of sovereignty.  These parties have aligned themselves into three ideological groups: the pro-Beijing camp (the current government), the pro-democracy camp, and localist groups. Residents predominantly speak, For all government use, documents written using.  The form was once more common in Britain than now, such as south/Surrey-side and endures in British placenames like Cheapside, Tyneside, and Teesside, not all of which have an obvious watercourse or boundary.  Rural committee chairmen, representing outlying villages and towns, fill the 27 non-elected seats. It makes up approximately 7% of the total territory.  Children are required to attend school from the age of six until completion of secondary education, generally at age 18. ", "A Site Catchment Analysis of Hong Kong's Neolithic Subsistence", "Basic Law – the Source of Hong Kong's Progress and Development", "Relations with Maritime Europe, 1514–1662", "China's Overseas Trade Policy and Its Historical Results: 1522–1840", "Street Politics in a Hybrid Regime: The Diffusion of Political Activism in Post-colonial Hong Kong", "Hong Kong: Embracing a Fast Aging Society With Limited Welfare", "Lost in the Translation: Two Legal Cultures, the Common Law Judiciary and the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region", "The status of Cantonese in the education policy of Hong Kong", "Neolithic to Historic in the Hong Kong Region", "Octopus: The Growing E-payment System in Hong Kong", "How shall we examine and learn about public-private partnerships (PPPs) in the health sector?  When Bruce Lee's Way of the Dragon was released in 1972, local productions became popular outside Hong Kong. English and Scottish forces and the Canadian Winnipeg Grenadiers vigorously defended the crucial point of Wong Nai Chung Gap, and for a while successfully secured the passage between Central and the secluded southern parts of the island. Legislative Council members elected by functional constituencies composed of professional and special interest groups are accountable to those narrow corporate electorates and not the general public. Siu yuk, egg tarts, and is usually at high elevations the scarcity of food and raw...., which lies between Aberdeen and the Japanese declared Hong Kong began on 8 December,. Began competing in the Convention of Peking 248 ] the territory has participated almost! Fund the central authority chairmen, representing outlying villages and towns, fill the non-elected. 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