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ferdinand vii successor

[27] In any case, though Isabella accepted advice from Maria Christina, she was not characterised for displaying a profound filial love towards her mother. She issued a decree of amnesty on 23 October 1833. A revolt in 1820 led by Rafael del Riego forced him to restore the constitution thus beginning the Liberal Triennium: a three-year period of liberal rule. During his last years Ferdinand's political appointments became more stable. Born in Madrid at El Escorial, Ferdinand VII spent his youth as heir apparent to the Spanish throne. Subsequently, on 14 January 1809, the British government acknowledged Ferdinand VII as king of Spain. [16] Merino, quickly seized by the halberdiers of the Royal Guard (with help from the dukes of Osuna and Tamames, the Marquis of Alcañices and the Count of Pinohermoso),[17] was removed from sacerdocy and executed by garrote. Ferdinand VII suffered genital macrosomy. Isabella succeeded to the throne because Ferdinand VII had induced the Cortes Generales to help him set aside the Salic law, introduced by the Bourbons in the early 18th century, and to reestablish the older succession law of Spain. [37], On that very day, a pronunciamiento took place in Cádiz. Carlos of Spain, Count of Molina (29 March 1788 – 10 March 1855), later the first Carlist pretender. Days later, the situation was followed by a full-scale people's revolution, with revolutionary juntas organised on 17 July in Madrid,[23] and barricades erected in the streets. Ferdinand had restored the Jesuitsupon his return, but now they had become identified with repression and absolutism among the liberals, who attacked them: twenty-five Jesuits were slain in Madrid in 1822. Meanwhile, the wars of independence had broken out in the Americas, and although many of the republican rebels were divided and royalist sentiment was strong in many areas, the Manila galleons and the Spanish treasure fleets – tax revenues from the Spanish Empire – were interrupted. Ferdinand's father, Charles IV, had been killed in the beginning of the French invasion of Spain, so Ferdinand assumed the throne. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. He was known to his supporters as el Deseado (the Desired) and to his detractors as el Rey Felón (the Felon King). Ferdinand had restored the Jesuits upon his return, but now they had become identified with repression and absolutism among the liberals, who attacked them: twenty-five Jesuits were slain in Madrid in 1822. Ferdinand later claimed that he only signed the secret treaty because he feared that his relatives could otherwise accuse him of pursuing the throne for himself. His ambitions and his private life plunged the realm into disaster, although during his reign agricultural reform was achieved and Portuguese commercial power grew. "Isabella II" redirects here. Queen Maria Christina became regent on 29 September 1833, when her three-year-old daughter Isabella was proclaimed sovereign on the death of the king. [42] Prim (leader of the liberal progressives) was received by the Madrilenian people at his arrival to the capital in early October in a festive mood. Before being allowed to enter Spanish soil, Ferdinand had to guarantee the liberals that he would govern on the basis of the Constitution, but, only gave lukewarm indications he would do so. [41], The defeat of the Isabelline forces commanded by Manuel Pavía y Lacy by the revolutionary forces led by Marshal Serrano at the 28 September 1868 Battle of Alcolea led to the definitive demise of the reign of Isabella. [52], She wrote her testament in Paris in June 1901, making her will to be entombed in El Escorial. [4] After the subsequent decision to dissolve the hostile Cortes by Olózaga on 28 November, rumours about an alleged forcing of the queen to sign the royal decree spread, and Olózaga was prosecuted, liquidated as political figure and forced to exile, with the Progressive Party already being beheaded, in what it was the starting point of their growing disaffection from the Isabelline monarchy. Following the 1808 Tumult of Aranjuez, he ascended the throne. For the rest of the 19th century, expulsions and reinstatements of the Jesuits would continue to be the hallmarks of liberal and authoritarian political regimes, respectively. Espartero entered the capital of Spain on 28 July,[26] and proceeded to separate again Isabella from the influence of Maria Christina. They formed a cabinet, presided over by Joaquín María López y López. 1.Alfonso X, his successor 2.Frederick 3.Ferdinand (1225–1243/1248) 4.Eleanor (born 1227), died young 5.Berengaria (1228–1288/89), a nun at Las Huelgas 6.Henry 7.Philip (1231–1274). [51], Cánovas del Castillo, the dominant figure of the new regime, became convinced that the figure of Isabella had become an issue for the Crown and wrote her a letter bluntly stating "Your Majesty is not a person, it is a reign, it is a historical time, and what the country needs is another reign, a different time", hellbent on avoiding the former queen stepping onto the Spanish capital before the proclamation of the new constitution in June 1876. In 20 October 1819, in Madrid, Ferdinand married Princess Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony (1803–1829), daughter of Maximilian, Prince of Saxony, and Caroline of Parma. She paid some visits to Seville. Ferdinand VII was a King of Spain who reigned twice, once in 1808 for a brief period and again from 1813 till his death. Ferdinand VII (Spanish: Fernando; 14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was the King of Spain during the early- to mid-19th century. The king did recognize the efforts of foreign powers on his behalf. In 1823 the Congress of Verona authorized a successful French intervention restoring him to absolute power for the second time. ... king of Spain (1808; 1814–33). Ferdinand initially promised to convene a traditional Cortes, but never did so, thereby reasserting the Bourbon doctrine that sovereign authority resided in his person only.[3]. Infanta Eulalia o Spain 12 Februar 1864 – 8 Mairch 1958) mairit Infante Antonio, Duke o Galliera an haed issue. He detested his son and heir Ferdinand, who led the unsuccessful El Escorial Conspiracy and later forced Charles's abdication after the Tumult of Aranjuez in March 1808, along with the ouster of his … On 2 February 1852, Isabella and the Royal Guard were caught by surprise while the Queen was leaving the Chapel of the Royal Palace intending to go with her parade to the church of Atocha: Martín Merino y Gómez [es], an ordained priest and liberal activist approached the queen giving the impression of wanting to deliver her a message,[15] and stabbed her. [6], Five years later after experiencing serious setbacks on many fronts, Napoleon agreed to acknowledge Ferdinand VII as king of Spain on 11 December 1813 and signed the Treaty of Valençay, so that the king could return to Spain. Carlos revolted and said he was the legitimate king. Ferdinand attempted to retain the regency permanently, but was rebuffed by the Castilian nobility and replaced wit… Ferdinand VII: Successor: Ferdinand VII: King of Naples and Sicily; Reign: 30 March 1806 – 6 June 1808: Predecessor: Ferdinand IV: Successor: Joachim I Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. This government induced the Cortes to declare Isabella of age at 13. Caricatura y vida cotidiana en el París del Segundo Imperio (1868-1870)", "El primer exilio de Isabel II visto desde la prensa vasco-francesa (Pau, septiembre-noviembre 1868)", Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, "La política en la literatura. [20] On 28 June 1854 a military pronunciamiento intending to force the queen to oust the government of the Count of San Luis, featuring Leopoldo O'Donnell (a "puritan" moderate), took place in Vicálvaro, the so-called Vicalvarada. No children were born from this marriage. He abdicated on 6 May 1808 and thereafter Napoleon kept Ferdinand under guard in France for six years at the Château de Valençay. [46] Involving an economic settling, the formal separation between Isabella and Francisco de Asís had pended on the passing of the former queen's dynastic rights to her son. Ferdinand VII was married four times. Despite the alleged parliamentary supremacy, in practice, the "double trust" led to Isabella having a role in the making and toppling of governments, undermining the progressives. Her son, Alfonso XII, became king in 1874. Ferdinand VII of Spain (14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) succeeded his father as King of Spain. In 1816, Ferdinand married his niece Maria Isabel of Portugal (1797–1818), daughter of his older sister Carlota Joaquina and John VI of Portugal. The first pretender to the throne, Ferdinand's brother Infante Carlos, Count of Molina, fought seven years during the minority of Isabella to dispute her title. They intended to offer the Mexican Imperial Crown to Ferdinand VII, in which he would rule in personal union, but unfortunately, he decreed that it was "void" and stated that no European could accede to the Mexican throne.[9]. In August 1866 exiled forces comprising both elements from the Democratic and the Progressive Party subscribed the Pact of Ostend [es] under the initiative of Marshal Prim, seeking to topple Isabella. There were no children, because her two pregnancies (in 1804 and 1805) ended in miscarriages. [31] Assumed by historians to be the biological son of Enrique Puigmoltó y Mayans [es],[14] the toddler, who replaced infanta Isabella as Prince of Asturias upon his birth, was known under the moniker "el Puigmoltejo", in reference to the rumours about his presumed biological parenthood. The Spain inherited by Charles IV gave few indications of instability, but during his reign, Spain entered a series of disadvantageous alliances and his regime constantly sought cash to deal with the exigencies of war. Francis II (German: Franz II. (It had met as a unicameral body, instead of in three chambers representing the three estates: the clergy, the nobility and the cities.) ", "Caballeros Existentes en la Insignie Orden del Toison de Oro", "Caballeros Grandes Cruces Existentes en la Real y Distinguida Orden Española de Carlos Tercero", "Caballeros Grandes Cruces Existentes en la Real Orden Americana de Isabel la Catolica", "Liste chronologique des chevaliers de l'ordre du Saint-Esprit depuis son origine jusqu'à son extinction (1578-1830)", Infante Pedro Carlos, Infante of Portugal, Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime, England expects that every man will do his duty, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ferdinand_VII_of_Spain&oldid=992680039, Burials in the Pantheon of Kings at El Escorial, Grand Masters of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Grand Masters of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Collars of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Grand Masters of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegild, Grand Crosses of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegild, Recipients of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky, Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary, Grand Crosses of the Order of Christ (Portugal), Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint James of the Sword, Supernumerary Knights of the Order of the Holy Spirit, Recipients of the Order of the Black Eagle, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Ferdinand I, 1345–83, king of Portugal (1367–83), son and successor of Peter I. [3] Ferdinand ascended the throne and turned to Napoleon for support. As the head of the Spanish Order of the Golden Fleece, Ferdinand made the Duke of Wellington, head of the British forces on the peninsula, the first Protestant member of the order. The Spanish people, blaming the policies of the Francophiles (afrancesados) for causing the Napoleonic occupation and the Peninsular War by allying Spain too closely to France, at first welcomed Fernando. [40], By September 1868 Isabella was a repudiated monarch, and, during the early stages of the revolution, instances of political iconoclasm carried out by the masses took place, leading to the destruction of many symbols and emblems of the Bourbon dynasty, a Damnatio memoriae. Isabella was declared of age and swore the 1837 Constitution on 10 November 1843,[2] age thirteen. She bore him two surviving daughters, the older of whom succeeded Ferdinand upon his death. [36] The royal entourage moved to San Sebastián to hold a concerted meeting with Napoleon III and Eugenia de Montijo, scheduled for 18 September but that never took place as the French royals did not arrive in time and the meeting was subsequently aborted. In 1802 he married his first cousin Princess Maria Antonietta of the Two Sicilies (1784–1806), daughter of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and Marie Caroline of Austria. With the perspective of a civil war in the horizon, Isabella was advised to appoint General Espartero (who enjoyed charisma and popular support) as prime minister. She was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1868, and formally abdicated in 1870. According to the french writer Prosper Mérimée (author of 'Carmen'), the king's penis was "thin as a sealing wax bar and as big as a fist". On 24 August, Ferdinand VII was proclaimed king of Spain again, and negotiations between the council and the provincial juntas for the establishment of a Supreme Central Junta were completed. The impact was reduced by the gold embroidery of her dress and by the baleen stays of her corset, and what was intended to be a stab wound to the chest only resulted in a minor incision at the right side of the belly. [33] The democratic party provided the insurrection with popular support, making it transcend the nature of a simple military pronunciamento into an actual revolution. [52] Isabella's son would marry Mercedes of Orléans (first cousin of Alfonso and daughter of the Dukes of Montpensier) in 1878, only for the latter to die five months after the wedding. [8] However, the marriages were not happy; persistent rumour had it that few if any of Isabella's children were fathered by her king-consort, rumoured to be a homosexual. Isabella II (Spanish: Isabel; 10 October 1830 – 9 April 1904) was Queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868. [56] The funeral took place on the next day at San Francisco el Grande.[57]. Back in power in December 1813, he reestablished the absolutist monarchy and rejected the liberal constitution of 1812. María Isabella of Spain (6 June 1789 – 13 September 1848) married … Ferdinand was thus succeeded by his infant daughter Isabella II. [3] In October 1807, Ferdinand was arrested for his complicity in the El Escorial Conspiracy in which the rebels aimed at securing foreign support from the French Emperor Napoleon. Ferdinand took the throne as Ferdinand VII, but was mistrusted by Napoleon, who had 100,000 soldiers stationed in Spain by that time.. Woodward, Margaret L. "The Spanish Army and the Loss of America, 1810–1824". He was the son of the previous … There were no children, because her two pregnancies (in 1804 and 1805) both ended in miscarriages. King of Spain (1784-1833) (r. 1808;1813-1833), consort to an Infanta naturalized as a Spanish Infante, Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, "¿Por qué firmaron Iturbide y O'Donojú los Tratados de Córdoba? Ferdinand VII (14 October 1784 - 1 January 1830) was the King of Spain in 1808 and later King of Mexico from 1825 - 1829. [39] The revolutionary subject has been however variously identified in historiographical accounts, and historians looking at social roots for the revolution highlight that peasantry, small bourgeoisie, and the proletariat formed an alternative subject alternative to burgueoisie, articulated through the progressive and federal republican forces. ; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor from 1792 to 1806 and, as Francis I, the first Emperor of Austria from 1804 to 1835. He assumed the title of Emperor of Austria in response to the coronation of Napoleon as Emperor of the French.Soon after Napoleon created the Confederation of the Rhine, Francis abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor. Spain was no longer the absolute monarchy he had relinquished six years earlier. Ferdinand VII - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. He definitively united Castile and Le ó n and reduced Muslim power in Andalusia to the kingdom of Granada. [54] Her corpse was moved from the Palacio Castilla to the Gare d'Orsay,[55] and arrived to El Escorial on 15 April. Sila ang mayari ng Original Certificate of Title (OCT) T-01-4 . He was executed by the Mexican Republican Army on January 1, 1830. [3] When the conspiracy was discovered, Ferdinand submitted to his parents. The royalists who supported him referred to him as 'el Deseado' or 'the Desired,' whereas the liberals who wanted freedom from absolute monarchy called him 'el Rey Felón' or the 'Felon King'. In 1802, he married his first cousin Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily (1784–1806), daughter of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and Marie Caroline of Austria. Ferdinand E. Marcos. He precipitated the Carlist Wars by excluding his brother Don Carlos as his successor; Forum discussions with the word(s) "Ferdinand VII" in the title: No titles with the word(s) "Ferdinand VII". [47], Following the election to the Spanish throne of Amadeo of Savoy (second son of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy) in November 1870, Isabella reconciled in 1871 with her brother-in-law, the Duke of Montpensier, who assumed the political management of the family. Isabella and Francisco de Asís were rather caustically described by 1866 by an English contemporary thus: CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of November 2020 (, Juan Sisinio Pérez Garzón, Isabel II: Los Espejos de la Reina (2004), , VV. Ferdinand VII (14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and from 1813 to 1833 — the latter period in dispute with Joseph Bonaparte.He was known as "Ferdinand … [13] Historians have attributed the Princess of Asturias' biological parenthood to José Ruiz de Arana,[14] Gentilhombre de cámara. His political legacy has remained contested since his passing, with most historians regarding him as incompetent, despotic, and short-sighted.[1][2]. [48], The First Spanish Republic that followed Amadeo's short reign was overthrown by a military coup started in Sagunto by General Arsenio Martínez Campos on 29 December 1874 that proclaimed the restoration of the monarchy and the Bourbon dynasty in the person of Isabella's son Alfonso XII,[49] who landed in Barcelona on 9 January 1875. [3], When Ferdinand was freed after the Battle of Trocadero and the fall of Cádiz, reprisals followed. [24][25] This renewed ascension of Espartero marked the beginning of the bienio progresista. He married Infanta Isabella, the half-sister and heiress of Henry IV of Castile, on 19 October 1469 in Valladolid, Kingdom of Castile and Leon. "The king," wrote Friedrich von Gentz in 1814, "himself enters the houses of his prime ministers, arrests them, and hands them over to their cruel enemies;" and again, on 14 January 1815, "the king has so debased himself that he has become no more than the leading police agent and prison warden of his country."[3]. Under his rule, Spain lost nearly all of its American possessions, and the country entered into a large-scale civil war upon his death. After the Battle of Bailén proved that the Spanish could resist the French, the Council of Castile reversed itself and declared null and void the abdications of Bayonne on 11 August 1808. [52] She moved to Seville, where she stood longer and left for France in 1877. This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 15:15. [7], The marriages suited France and Louis Philippe, King of the French, who as a result bitterly quarrelled with Britain. Shortly before her birth, the King issued a Pragmatic Sanction to ensure the succession of his firstborn. [3] National discontent with the government produced a rebellion in 1805. [7], On 24 March the French handed him over to the Spanish Army in Girona, and thus began his procession towards Madrid. Isabella was born in Royal Palace of Madrid in 1830, the eldest daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain, and of his fourth wife and niece, Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies. Under the regency of her mother, Spain transitioned from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy adopting the Royal Statute of 1834 and Constitution of 1837. Whimsical and ferocious by turns, he changed his ministers every few months. Conservatives conceived of this task as the mere supply of the sinews of war on behalf of an absent… El desmontaje de la falsa leyenda del "Espadón de Loja, "Clases sociales y partidos políticos en la década moderada (1844-1854)", "El Duque de Montpensier, entre la historia y la leyenda", Real Academia de Bellas Artes de Santa Isabel de Hungría, "Serrano, el amante de Isabel II que dio nombre a la calle más comercial de Madrid", "Puñalada en el costado en nombre de Martín Merino", "Corrupción y redes de poder en la Corte Isabelina", "La Vicalvarada y la Revolución Española de 1854", "Biografía de Alfonso XII de Borbón (1875-1885)", "¿Por qué España echó a la reina Isabel II? Ferdinand VII (Spaingie: Fernando VII; 14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) wis twice Keeng o Spain: in 1808 an again frae 1813 tae his daith.. Issue with Maria Isabel o Portugal. ", "Evolución histórica del estado y la consolidación del constitucionalismo liberal español", "La historiografía en torno al Sexenio 1868-1874: entre el fulgor del centenario y el despliegue sobre lo local", "Iconoclasia antiborbónica en España el repudio simbólico de Isabel II durante la Revolución de 1868", "Otras visitas de los Borbones a Barcelona", "Isabel II de España: cuando abdicar supuso tener prohibido pisar el país", "Isabel II: la supremacía de los instintos", "Real orden de damas nobles de la Reina Maria Luisa", "Soberanas y princesas condecoradas con la Gran Cruz de San Carlos el 10 de Abril de 1865", "La revolución de puerto en puerto hacia la capital: la vertiente marítima de la "Gloriosa" y la llegada de Prim a Madrid", "Cuando el rey Francisco de Asís perdió el aura regia. She bore him two daughters, the first of whom lived only five months and the second of whom was stillborn. Her minority saw tensions with the United States over the Amistad affair. The king was quickly taken prisoner. Isabella was born in Royal Palace of Madrid in 1830, the eldest daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain, and of his fourth wife and niece, Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies.Queen Maria Christina became regent on 29 September 1833, when her three-year-old daughter Isabella was proclaimed sovereign on the death of … Needing support, Maria Christina (as Regent for her daughter Isabella) turned to the liberals. Ferdinand VII was married four times. Ferdinand's desire for the throne of Castile involved him in three wars with Castile. The underage Queen Isabella II was known by the centuries-old feudal, symbolic, long title that included both extant and extinct titles and claims: Isabella II by the Grace of God, Queen of Castile, Leon, Aragon, of the Two Sicilies, of Jerusalem, of Navarre, of Granada, of Toledo, of Valencia, of Galicia, of Majorca, of Seville, of Sardinia, of Córdoba, of Corsica, of Murcia, of Menorca, of Jaén, the Algarves, Algeciras, Gibraltar, the Canary Islands, of the East and West Indies, Islands and Mainland of the Ocean Sea; Archduchess of Austria; Duchess of Burgundy, Brabant, Milan; Countess of Habsburg, Flanders, Tirol and Barcelona; Lady of Biscay and Molina. Infanta María de la Paz o Spain (23 Juin 1862 – 4 December 1946) mairit Prince Ludwig Ferdinand o Bavarie an haed issue. Francisco de Asís recognised all of them: he played the offended, proceeding to blackmail the Queen to receive money in exchange for keeping his mouth shut. [4] Historian Charles Oman records that the choice of Valençay was a practical joke by Napoleon on his former foreign minister Talleyrand, the owner of the château, for his lack of interest in Spanish affairs. Uprisings broke out throughout the country, marking the beginning of the Peninsular War. [5], While the upper echelons of the Spanish government accepted his abdication and Napoleon's choice of his brother Joseph Bonaparte as king of Spain, the Spanish people did not. FERDINAND III, KING OF CASTILE, ST. Reigned in Castile from 1217 and Le ó n from 1230 to May 30, 1252; b. Valparaiso, June 24, 1198; d. Seville. In late 1851, Isabella II gave birth to her first daughter and heir presumptive, who was baptised on 21 December as María Isabel Francisca de Asís. A Liberal Constitution ("the Unborn One") was drafted in 1856, yet it was never enacted as the counter-revolutionary coup by O'Donnell seized power. [33], On 7 July 1868 Isabella banished her brother-in-law and her sister, the Dukes of Montpensier, away from Spain, as they were linked to a conspiracy against the Crown in connivance with generals from the Liberal Union. The Cortes and the Moderate Liberals and Progressives reestablished constitutional and parliamentary government, dissolved the religious orders and confiscated their property (including that of the Jesuits), and tried to restore order to Spain's finances. After Isabella I's death in 1504, her kingdom went to their daughter Joanna. As Ferdinand lay dying, his new wife Maria Christina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies had him set aside the Salic Law which would have made his brother Don Carlos heir to the throne instead of any female. She came to the throne a month before her third birthday, but her succession was disputed by her uncle the Infante Carlos (founder of the Carlist movement), whose refusal to recognize a female sovereign led to the Carlist Wars. Ferdinand’s government now depended on a militia, the Royalist Volunteers, and the French forces of occupation. [48], Isabella mostly lived in Paris for the rest of her life, based at the Palacio Castilla. Spain was all but bankrupt. They were married with a clear prenuptial ag… Isabel II; Queen of Spain; Reign: 29 September 1833 – 30 September 1868: Proclamation: 23 July 1843: Abdication: 25 June 1870: Predecessor: Ferdinand VII: Successor Her daughter Isabella II ( Spanish: Isabel ; 10 October 1830 – 9 April 1904 ) was Queen Spain! Seemed unstable found that in the 1997 film Amistad, she was played Anna... [ 58 ] the funeral took place on the death of the Army by infant... Born in the intervening years a new world had been born of invasion. The Palacio Castilla, king of Castile involved him in three wars Castile! Place in Cádiz, questions, discussion and forums for France in 1877 age and swore the 1837 Constitution 10! 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