Non-Indo-European languages include Brahui and Burushaski, a language isolate. Pakistan had an estimated population of 169,300,000 as of July 2007,. Between 1951-1998, the number of people in Pakistan's cities and towns (known as the urban population) increased sevenfold. It is therefore a significant cultural and ethnic melting pot. Shah Abdul Latif Bhita'i (1689–1752) is one of its greatest poets, and wrote Sassi Punnun and Umar Marvi, folk stories, in his famous book Shah Jo Risalo. note: provisional results of Pakistan's 2017 national census estimate the country's total population to be 207,774,000 Age structure 0-14 years: 36.01% (male 42,923,925/female 41,149,694) Most of Pakistan's languages are Indo-European languages and within the smaller Indo-Iranian sub-branch. Agriculture sector is the back bone of Pakistan creating opportunities for prosperous country. However, due to rapid urbanization and modernization, the use of Urdu as a primary language is increasing, especially amongst the growing urbanized middle class of Pakistan. The Pashtuns (originally from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, FATA and northern Balochistan, are now the city's second largest ethnic group in Karachi after Muhajirs. ... statistics house, 21-mauve area, g-9/1, islamabad, pakistan The absence of any Avestan, an older Iranian language, loanwords in Brahui supports this hypothesis. Numerous other languages are spoken by relatively small numbers of people, especially in some of the more remote and isolated places in, for example, the Northern Areas of Pakistan. A majority of commercial banks are private, but the banking sector remains vulnerable to state interference. The Eastern Hill Balochi or Northern Balochi are distinct dialects. There are estimated to be 900,000 to 1,000,000 Hazaragi-speakers.. Arabic is taught as a religious language in Mosques, Schools, Colleges, Universities and Madrassahs.  It shows close affinity to Punjabi and the Lahnda sub-group of Indo-Aryan tongues and can be sub-divided into a northern and southern dialects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of … The population of the subdistricts (tehsils and talukas) of Pakistan. The average applied tariff rate is 10.1 percent, and 79 nontariff measures are in force. 1951 247,000 They exclude data for Azad Kashmir, the final status of which has not yet been determined. Updated January 13, 2018 In Pakistan, there are individuals of various religions, first of all, the lion’s share of which are Muslims as Islam is its state religion with the name of the “Islamic Republic of Pakistan”.  Many of them were born and raised in Pakistan in the last 30 years. Kashmiri (کشمیری) is a Dardic language spoken in Azad Kashmir, Gilgit–Baltistan and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. Brahui may or may not be a language isolate and many origins have been hypothesized for it including Iranian and Dravidian. All the rest (93.5%) are Sunnis (ignoring the fact the Shi'ism is a totally different religion than Islam). The current population of Afghanistan is 39,299,994 as of Sunday, December 6, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. The standard Punjabi variety is from Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Sheikhupura districts of Pakistani Punjab, and is also nowadays the language of Punjabi literature, film and music, such as Lollywood. The Goan Catholics constitute the majority of the Christians in the city.. Many people mistakenly think that Muslims are divided into two halves: Sunnis and Shi'it. The name Balochi or Baluchi is not found before the 10th century. Former cricket star Imran Khan became prime minister after his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party won a plurality in the July 2018 election on promises of job creation, new housing, and economic reforms. Karachi is the largest and most populous metropolitan city in Pakistan and the capital of Sindh province. Urdu is a relatively new language but has undergone considerable modification and development, with many borrowings from older languages such as Persian, Arabic, Chagatai and other South Asian languages. Sindhi is spoken by over 36 million people in Pakistan and is the official language of Sindh province.  Pakistan is the world's fifth-most-populous country. Pakistan’s economic freedom score is 54.8, making its economy the 135th freest in the 2020 Index. Sindhi is a provincial language spoken as a first language by 16% of Pakistanis, mostly in Sindh. Saraiki, sometimes spelled Seraiki and Siraiki, is spoken as a first language by about 20 million people, mostly in the southern districts of Punjab: Multan, Lodhran, Bahawalpur, Layyah, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh and Rahim Yar Khan. Millions of Pakistanis that have worked in Middle East also speak Arabic as a second language. The judiciary is politicized and frequently issues rulings that are seen as aligned with the priorities of the military. Arabic is considered to be a religious language in Pakistan. It is spoken in central and east central Balochistan. To obtain a $6 billion bailout from the International Monetary Fund in 2019, the government agreed to cut subsidies for fuel and other commodities. Many schools, colleges and most universities use English as the medium of instruction. . Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world with its population estimated at 207.8 million in 2017. , After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, many Muslims from India migrated to Pakistan and they are the largest group of foreign-born residents. Around 1–1.5% of the Pakistani population has Brahui as their first language. Urdu, the country's national language, is an Indo-Aryan tongue. The current population of Pakistan is 222,692,708 as of Friday, December 4, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. Hindko is similar to the northern dialects of Punjabi. It is widely spoken in the Lasbela District of Balochistan (where the Lasi tribe speaks a dialect of Sindhi), many areas of the Naseerabad and Jafarabad districts of Balochistan, and by the Sindhi diaspora abroad. It is written in a modified form of the Perso-Arabic script, Nastaliq, and its basic Hindi-based vocabulary has been enriched by words from Persian, Arabic, Turkic languages and English. In the northern half, most of the population lives about an arc formed by the cities of Faisalabad, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Sargodha, Islamabad, Multan, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Nowshera, Swabi, Mardan and Peshawar. Pakistan's population has increased by more than six-folds since the first post-independence census held in 1951. The largest ethnic group is the Punjabi, with 45 percent of the total population. Current Population growth rate is around 2.7 % which is very high as compared to international standards. For a general overview of the citizens of Pakistan, see, Fertility rate (The Demographic Health Survey), Fertility (wanted fertility) by region 2017–18, Life expectancy in Pakistan by administrative unit, Khalid, Kanwal. In 2019 2020 the population of Pakistan is 212 123 528 people. It is spoken in parts of the Quetta district of Karachi, Islamabad, and in parts of Ziarat. It is also spoken by the majority of the population of Dera Ismail Khan District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Kachi plain of Balochistan, northern parts of Sindh, and cities of Hyderabad and Karachi. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. Pakistan - Pakistan - People: The area currently occupied by Pakistan has long been a route of military conquest and an entrepôt for peoples and cultures. Government spending has amounted to 21 percent of the country’s output (GDP) over the past three years, and budget deficits have averaged 5.5 percent of GDP. 1998, 2017 census The 2016 population for the city is estimated to be 16.62 million. After the Pakistan–India war in 1971, thousands of Biharis and Bengalis from Bangladesh arrived in the Karachi, followed by Muslim Rohingya refugees from Burma, and Asians from Uganda. Business Freedom 54.9 Create a Graph using this measurement, Labor Freedom 41.3 Create a Graph using this measurement, Monetary Freedom 72.5 Create a Graph using this measurement. Regulatory inefficiencies, complex labor laws, and an unreliable security situation continue to burden the business environment. On the annexation of Sindh (1843) and Punjab (1849), the British Raj encouraged its use as the lingua franca and subsequently banned the use of Persian, which had been the lingua franca of the region for centuries before. Sindhi literature is also spiritual in nature. It has the world's second-largest Muslim population. Property Rights 48.3 Create a Graph using this measurement, Judicial Effectiveness 43.2 Create a Graph using this measurement, Government Integrity 29.7 Create a Graph using this measurement. Other Indo-Aryan languages include Gujarati, Kutchi, Memoni and others. ; Afghanistan 2020 population is estimated at 38,928,346 people at mid year according to UN data. Compiled by Ayesha Younas A Project of CSS Writing Club Pakistan’s Stance: Revolt is from Indigenous Population. Read more about Pakistan Economy. Among many reasons, High fertility and declining mortality rates are the most important reasons in Population growth in Pakistan. The Pashtun and Baloch represent two of the only ethnics that speak an iranianlangauge ( Pashto and Balochi) that awhile the majority Punjabis, Hindkowans, Sindhis and Saraikis are the major linguistically Indo-Aryan groups. There are also many Pakistanis from the adjacent regions of Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan who are conversant in Pashto and count it as their second language. Urdu has drawn inspiration from Persian literature and has now an enormous stock of words from that language. All Rights Reserved. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Pakistan. The remaining large groups include the Muhajir people and the Baloch people, which make up 7.57% and 3.57% of the total population, respectively. Balochi spoken in Balochistan is classified as a members of the Northwestern Iranian languages. Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on All-populations.com. , 2018 Information on Pakistani provinces/regions, compared to other countries, estimated at three decimal places is provided below:, definition: aged 10 and over with the "Ability to read and understand simple text in any language from a newspaper or magazine, write a simple letter and perform basic mathematical calculation (ie, counting and addition/subtraction)." In reality Shia are between 7.5% to 11%. See more from the 2020 Index. This group is dwindling because of its age. High tariffs reduce the buying power of average Pakistanis’ income and hurt efforts to reduce poverty. It is written in the Arabic script with several additional letters to accommodate special sounds. . Administrative Subdivision. Textiles and apparel account for most export earnings, but much of the economy is informal, and underemployment remains high. Karachi is the most populous city in Pakistan. Burushaski is a language isolate, spoken by Burusho people in Hunza, Nagar, Yasin, and parts of the Gilgit valleys in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. Nearly all Pakistani Sunni Muslims belong to the Hanafi school, although there are some Hanbalis and Ahlul Hadeeth. Population is growing day by day hence increasing the more need of food, clothes and sheltering. Pashtuns make up the second largest ethnic group and Sindhi are the third-largest ethnic group. Its overall score has decreased by 0.2 point because of a drop in the fiscal health score. The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies. < Saraikis (a transitional group between Punjabis and Sindhis) speaking people make up 10.53% of the total population. There are small non-Muslim religious groups, including Christians, Ahmadis, Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, Baháʼís and Zoroastrians (Parsis),. , In 1850, the British started developing Karachi as a major port for trade and commerce, resulting in the arrival of a large number immigrants from Rajasthan, Gujarat and Goa. They include Shina (spoken in Gilgit, Chilas and Diamar), Khowar (spoken in Chitral, Ghizer, Swat and the balti language (spoken in [baltistan] including [skardu] district and [Ghanche] district. Kashmiri spoken in north east Azad Kashmir and the adjacent Kashmir valley, (not to be confused with Pahari language spoken in the lower Azad Kashmir) is one of the Dardic languages that has a literary tradition that goes well back into the history whereas other Dardic languages spoken in northern Pakistan, do not have written literature. It is believed to be the result of the northern areas of Pakistan having remained isolated in the mountain valleys from the others for centuries. The current population of Pakistan is 182,1 million people. Decrease in average yields cr On average there are 5,425,746 births and 1,475,411 deaths in Pakistan per year. From 1990 to 2018, Pakistan's HDI increased 38.6% from 0.404 to 0.560. ", "In a city of ethnic friction, more tinder", "UN body, police baffled by minister's threat against Afghan refugees", "Pakistan's regional languages face extinction", "Ethnologue report for Pakistan: Languages of Pakistan", "Religions: Muslim 95% (Sunni 65%, Shia 30%), other (includes Hindus and Christians ) 5%", "Most Pakistanis and Urdu speakers live in this Australian state", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Pakistan&oldid=992161000, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 35.4% (male 35,475,647 / female 33,586,757), 60.4% (male 60,766,105 / female 56,886,961), 4.2% (male 3,890,840 / female 4,325,538) (Jan. 2017), total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2011), Maternal mortality ratio: 320 (2009 est. They derive their roots from the Sanskrit language of Aryan invaders and are later heavily influenced by the languages of the later Muslim arrivals (i.e., Turkish, Persian, and Arabic), and are all written in a variant of either the Arabic or Nastaliq script. Home | Country Rankings | Graph The Data | Heat MapExplore the Data | Downloads | FAQs| About The Index. Almost all Pakistanis ethnics groups belong to the Indo-Iranian linguistic group of the Indo-European branch. The following statistics are for 1 July 2010. The Sheedis are Muslims and speak Balochi, Sindhi and Urdu. Descendants of Black Africans that were brought as slaves in the 15th to the 19th century are known as Sheedis. According to OECD/World Bank, the population in Pakistan increased by 23 million from 1990 to 2008, with a 54% growth in population. Pakistan: Total population from 2014 to 2024 (in million inhabitants) Pakistan is also very close to Tajikistan, but the two countries are separated by the Wakhan Corridor in Afghanistan. In practice, however, organized crime, corruption, a weak regulatory environment, and subversion of the legal system often render property rights precarious. During 1950–2012, Pakistan's urban population expanded over sevenfold, while the total population increased by over fourfold. The Brahui population of Balochistan has been taken by some as the linguistic equivalent of a relict population, perhaps indicating that Dravidian languages were formerly much more widespread and were supplanted by the incoming Indo-Aryan languages. See how Pakistan compares to another country using any of the measures in the Index. It is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles).  spoken in southern Pakistan, primarily in Kalat in Balochistan. Consequently, the social fabric of Sindh contains elements of Arabic society.  Among countries that use English as an official language, Pakistan is third-most populous in the world. A file photo provided shows samples of a vaccine against the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). , Pakistan's Human Development Index (HDI) value for 2018 is in the medium human development category with a score of 0.560 (152nd rank out of 189 countries and territories) compared to 0.614 (135th rank) for Bangladesh and 0.647 (129th rank) for India. The Demographics of Pakistan are a study of the population and the people. It is a modern language which is constantly evolving from its original form.  Other Indo-European languages spoken in Pakistan include Pothohari, Shina, Balti, Gujjari, Kutchi, Wakhi, Kashmiri, Marwari, Memoni, Khowar, and Dari Persian. The population of Pakistan is expected to grow by 3,766,000 in 2020 and reach 212,107,000 in 2021. The overall tax burden equals 12.5 percent of total domestic income. Since Balochi is a poetic and rich language and have a certain degree of affinity to Urdu, Balochi poets tend to be very good poets in Urdu as well as Ata Shaad, Gul Khan Nasir and Noon Meem Danish are excellent examples of this. Pakistan 2020 population is estimated at 220,892,340 people at mid year according to UN data. The Mengals are a famous Brahvi tribe. Brahui (Urdu: براہوی ') is a regional language of uncertain origin despite the fact that the bulk of the language shares lexical similarities to Balochi as well as Sindhi. Gujari or Gojri (گوجری زبان) is a language closely related to Rajasthani languages, and is spoken in Azad Kashmir, Gilgit–Baltistan and Punjab KPK provinces of Pakistan. The second-largest group of foreign-born residents consists of refugees from Afghanistan who are expected to leave Pakistan by the end of 2018. Trade Freedom 64.8 Create a Graph using this measurement, Investment Freedom 55.0 Create a Graph using this measurement, Financial Freedom 40.0 Create a Graph using this measurement. It is a required subject of study in all primary and secondary schools. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Pakistan divided by total area of the country. The exact number of Punjabi speakers in Pakistan is hard to determine since the boundaries with the closely related Hindko and Saraiki are not always clear-cut. This language change was designed to institute a universal language throughout the then British Raj in South Asia as well as minimize the influence that Persia, the Ottoman Empire and Afghanistan had on this transitional region. Pakistan is ranked 32nd among 42 countries in the Asia–Pacific region, and its overall score is well below the regional and world averages. The current population of Pakistan is 222,499,076, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. ", harv error: no target: CITEREFMallory1989 (. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. Pakistan's estimated population (excluding Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) in 2017 was 207,774,520 according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan. In colonial times, many British linguists tried to make the claim of a possible Dravidian language origin but this has not been conclusively proven despite ongoing research in the language for a century now.  The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir (1658–1707) spoke what the locals called Lashkari Zaban or what the Mughals called Zaban-i-Ordu (both meaning "language of the Horde"; commonly known as Hindustani back then) fluently as did his descendants while his ancestors mostly spoke Persian and a language related to Turkish.. The Qur'an, Sunnah, Hadith and Muslim theology is taught in Arabic with Urdu translation.  There are also smaller groups of Muslim immigrants from countries such as Burma, Bangladesh, Iraq, Somalia, Iran, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, among others. Sindhi is the common language of the people of Sindh in southern Pakistan and has a rich literary history of its own, traced back to the era of the early Arab arrivals. Kalam Valley of upper Swat), Kalash (spoken by Kalash tribe), Kohistani (spoken in upper Swat and Kohistan) and Kashmiri mostly by Immigrants from Kashmir valley and by a few in the Neelum District. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Private property is guaranteed in principle and in law.  However it has now been demonstrated that the Brahui could only have migrated to Balochistan from central India after 1000 CE. 1950 232,000. The absence of any Avestan, an older Iranian language, loanwords in Brahui supports this hypothesis. 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