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king philip of spain

He was son of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal 1543: Philip married his cousin, Maria of Portugal King Philip II of Spain Timeline of Key Events. Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II; Portuguese: Filipe I ; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain, Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and, while married to Mary I, King of England and Ireland. It was under his reign that Spain reached the height of its influence and power, and also of its artistic, literary, and musical excellence. Director: Terence Young | Stars: Olivia de Havilland, Gilbert Roland, Paul Scofield, Françoise Rosay. The original ceremony was conducted by proxy (the Duke of Alba standing in for Philip) at Notre Dame prior to Elisabeth's departure from France. Philip was the son of the Holy Roman emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. Since Maximilian’s wife, Maria of Spain, was a sister of Philip II, the two Habsburg princes were nephews of the Spanish king. Culture King Philip II of Spain The Philippines were named after King Philip. In the late 1580s, English raids against Spanish commerce and Queen Elizabeth Is support of the Dutch rebels in the Spanish Netherlands led King Philip II of Spain to plan the conquest of England. in. Mary, on the other hand, was reportedly excited to marry Philip. Philip II of Spain (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was, starting in 1556, king of Spain, and Burgundy, the Netherlands, Naples, Sicily, and overseas Spanish America.He was born in Valladolid, and was the only son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and his wife to live until he was an adult. In 1578 young king Sebastian of Portugal died at the Battle of Alcácer Quibir without descendants, triggering a succession crisis. England’s enmity with Spain ended with the deaths of Philip and Elizabeth, when King James I—son of Mary Queen of Scots—signed a peace treaty in … Philip II Philip II (Augustus) … Catholic encyclopedia. 21 May 1527 13 September 1598. During his reign the Spanish empire attained its greatest power, extent, and influence, though he failed to suppress the revolt of the Netherlands (beginning in 1566) and lost the “Invincible Armada” in the attempted invasion of England (1588). Upon Philip’s death in 1598, his second son ascended the throne as Philip III. King Philip II of Spain, the Struggle between France and Spain, and how England lost Calais Regarding Mary Tudor’s reign as Queen of England, John Knox defiantly asserted, “unworthy, by reason of her bloody tyranny, of the name of a woman.” After the victory over the French at Saint-Quentin (1557), the sight of the battlefield gave him a permanent distaste for war, though he did not shrink from it when he judged it necessary. He was tragically ugly through no fault of his own, but due to the desire of his family to maintain their bloodline. King Philip of Spain - In the 1560s, King Philip proposed to Elizabeth. He was a powerful Roman Catholic ruler. King Philip II. In Madrid, or in the gloomy magnificence of his monastic palace of El Escorial, which he built (1563–84) on the slopes of the Sierra de Guadarrama, the king worked alone in his small office, giving his decisions or, as often, deferring them. Peterson, A. C. (2014). $629.36. consort to an Infanta naturalized as a Spanish Infante, Charles I and V, King of the Spanish kingdoms and Holy Roman Emperor, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, Act for the Marriage of Queen Mary to Philip of Spain, Cultural depictions of Philip II of Spain, Grand Master of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Act of Parliament sanctioning his marriage with Mary, Descendants of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon, "Navegantes europeos en el estrecho de Magallanes", "Expediciones a las costas de la Patagonia Occidental en el periodo colonial", "La expedición de John Narborough a Chile, 1670: Defensa de Valdivia, rumeros de indios, informaciones de los prisioneros y la creencia en la Ciudad de los Césares", "Twentieth Century Atlas – Historical Body Count", "An Act for the Marriage of Queen Mary to Philip of Spain", "Ten Great Events in History – Chapter VII. “Philip” was Philip II (1527 – 1598) eventually to become the King of Spain. The sack of Antwerp (November 4, 1576) by Spanish troops during the Eighty Years' War. King Philip II of Spain Timeline of Key Events. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. King Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II) of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent or Philip II of the House of Habsburg, was unarguably the most important ruler in Spanish history. 1527 98, king of Spain 1556 98 (husband of Mary I). Margaret of Parma, the duke of Alba, Don John of Austria, Antonio Pérez, and Alessandro Farnese—to name only the most distinguished—suffered disgrace. During their marriage (1559–1568) they conceived five daughters and a son, though only two of the girls survived. Philip was the son of Charles V—the reigning Holy Roman emperor—and Isabella of Portugal. Elizabeth of France was the daughter of Henry II of France … The marriage produced no children, although there was a false pregnancy, and Mary died in 1558, ending Philip's reign in England and Ireland. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. It was under his reign that Spain reached the height of its influence and power, and also of its artistic, literary, and musical excellence. Martinez, Manuel F. Assassinations & conspiracies : from Rajah Humabon to Imelda Marcos. Manila: Anvil Publishing, 2002. The marriage, which took place on 25 July 1554 at Winchester Cathedral, was political. Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, king of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (co-regent with Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King of Portugal and the Algarves (as Philip I) from 1580 until 1598 and King of Chile from 1554 until 1556. The first was with his cousin Maria of Portugal in 1543. The actual ceremony was conducted in Guadalajara upon her arrival in Spain. Even the popes found it sometimes difficult to distinguish between Philip’s views as to what was the service of God and what the service of the Spanish monarchy. Anna died of heart failure 8 months after giving birth to Maria in 1580. Elizabeth of France, Married 1559 - 1568. As a ruler, Philip was stubborn, bitter, and paranoid—and his court was no better. King Philip had been married to Mary I and was a staunch Catholic. Imperial and Habsburg patrimonial titles: Imperial vicar of Siena: since 30 May 1554. Year 1543: Philip II married his first wife, Maria of Portugal who was also his cousin. Philip V of Spain: The King Who Reigned Twice by Kamen Henry (2001-05-01) Hardcover 4.3 out of 5 stars 19. Only 1 left in stock - order soon. Philip V (Spanish: Felipe; 19 December 1683 – 9 July 1746) was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 14 January 1724, and again from 6 September 1724 to his death in 1746. She died in 1580. Low angle, macro. This was coupled with an almost pathological suspicion of even his most able and faithful servants. Philip was born on May 21, 1527, at Palacio de Pimente in Valladolid, then the capital of Spain. When he was King, Spain reached the height of it’s power, but also mismanaged the Spanish Armada, an attempt to invade England and the beginning of English momentum over Spanish dominance. Philip II of Spain (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was, starting in 1556, king of Spain, and Burgundy, the Netherlands, Naples, Sicily, and overseas Spanish America. Pope Sixtus V gave his blessing to what was called The Enterprise of England, which he hoped would bring the Protestant isle back into the fold of Rome. Hardcover. Philip often found his authority over-ruled by local assemblies, and his word less effective than that of local lords. Find the perfect King Philip Ii Of Spain stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Philip II, detail of an oil painting by Titian; in the Corsini Gallery, Rome. Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain (1556–1598), King of Portugal (1580–1598, as Philip I, Portuguese: Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554 to 1558). What kind of work did Diego Velázquez do for King Philip IV of Spain? He was a lover of books and pictures, and Spain’s literary Golden Age began in his reign. Philip II (21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), Felipe in Spanish, sometimes called Philip the Prudent, was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples from 1554 until 1598, lord of the Seventeen Provinces from 1556 until 1581, holding various titles for the individual territories, such as duke or count; and King of Portugal and the Algarves as Filipe I from 1580. The prince planned to flee to the Netherlands in order to ally himself with his father’s adversaries there. King Philip II of Spain. From 1548 until 1551, Philip traveled in Italy, Germany, and the Netherlands, but his great reserve and his inability to speak fluently any language except Castilian made him unpopular with the German and Flemish nobility. After living in the Netherlands in the early years of his reign, Philip II decided to return to Spain. Generations are numbered by male-line descent from the first archdukes. Philip III (Spanish: Felipe; 14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621) was King of Spain.He was also, as Philip II, King of Portugal, Naples, Sicily and Sardinia and Duke of Milan from 1598 until his death in 1621. He was son to the parents Charles V (The Holy Roman Emperor) and Isabella of Portugal. / Also available is a por… • Entdecke einzigartige Designs und Motive von unabhängigen Künstlern. Titian - Behind Closed Doors (2020 TV Movie) 57 min | Documentary, Biography, History . A portrait of a younger King Philip III of Spain sometime prior to or during his early reign as King of Spain (b/4 1598-1920). Als King Philip’s War wird der Aufstand der Indianer im südlichen Neuengland in den Jahren 1675–1676 gegen die Expansion der englischen Kolonisten bezeichnet. By Linda Alchin https://plus.google.com/+LindaAlchin?rel=author http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk “His smile and his dagger were very close,” wrote his official court historian, Cabrera de Córdoba. Year 1545: His first wife died while giving birth to his son Don Carlos. The Spanish empire under Philip prospered: it attained its greatest power, extent, and influence. King Philip had been married to Mary I and was a staunch Catholic. And it is … Philip II. Elizabeth bore Philip two daughters, Isabella Clara Eugenia (1566–1633) and Catherine Micaela (1567–97). They were married at Salamanca on 12 November 1543. Der indianische Anführer wurde von den Engländern King Philip genannt, der Obersachem der Wampanoag im südöstlichen Massachusetts, dessen eigentlicher Name aber Metacomet war. Charles Laurence (12 August 1573 – 30 June 1575), died young. In 1570, widowed Princess Ana de Mendoza becomes the love object of a deadly rivalry between her cousin Don Inigo, King Philip II of Spain and his secretary of state Antonio Perez. He insisted on strict conformity to Catholicism and strong monarchial authority. Also, not only was King Philip II the King of Spain, he was the King of Portugal as well (as King Philip I). Buy King Philip II of Spain portrait on vintage Spanish peseta banknote rotating by vkilikov on VideoHive. Philip had classic works translated into Spanish for him and was fond of music. From 1543 Charles conferred on his son the regency of Spain whenever he himself was abroad. Instead the King was able to use the brief respite to rebuild his naval forces and by the end of 1589 Spain once again had an Atlantic fleet strong enough to escort the American treasure ships home. ( Philip of Macedon ) 382 336 B.C., king of Macedonia 359 336 (father of Alexander the Great). 4.5 out of 5 stars 48. Philip, much younger than his bride, unfortunately did not reciprocate her affection. Elizabeth died in 1568, and in 1570 Philip married Anna of Austria, daughter of his first cousin the emperor Maximilian II. King Philip II of Spain played a major role in English history at the time of the Tudors. They married at the idyllic Winchester Cathedral. He fought the Turks and tried to invade England. Philip II, (born May 21, 1527, Valladolid, Spain—died September 13, 1598, El Escorial), king of the Spaniards (1556–98) and king of the Portuguese (as Philip I, 1580–98), champion of the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation. His methods have become famous. In 1554 Philip married Mary I of England and became joint sovereign of England until Mary’s death, without issue, in 1558. Buy King Philip II of Spain portrait on vintage Spanish peseta banknote rotating by vkilikov on VideoHive. King of Castile, of León, of Granada, of Toledo, of Galicia, of Seville, of Cordoba, of Murcia, of Jaen, of the Algarves, of Algeciras, of Gibraltar, of the Canary Islands, of the Indias, the Islands and Mainland of the Ocean Sea; King of Portugal and the Algarves of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation, and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia, and India, etc. Not usually included in lists of monarchs, although legally recognized as co-monarch, as his reign ended de facto with Mary's death. Low angle, macro. King Philip II. Philip V (Spanish: Felipe; 19 December 1683 – 9 July 1746) was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 14 January 1724, and again from 6 September 1724 to his death in 1746. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema King Philip Ii Of Spain … “You may assure His Holiness,” Philip wrote to his ambassador in Rome, in 1566, “that rather than suffer the least damage to religion and the service of God, I would lose all my states and an hundred lives, if I had them; for I do not propose nor desire to be the ruler of heretics.” This remark may be regarded as the motto of his reign. The Spanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision Henry Kamen. As a result, those years are often referred to as the ‘Golden Age’. Select from premium King Philip Ii Of Spain of the highest quality. His second wife, Mary I of England, bore him no children. Emeritus Professor of History, King's College, University of London. Its successes, however, were also great. Philip II is remembered both for his failures and for his successes. King Philip II of Spain played a major role in English history at the time of the Tudors. Pablo Picasso (58 interpretations) Sacca’s portrait of the young King really brings out the beautiful features of the young Habsburg king and demonstrates his styling as well. The Habsburg dominions in Germany and the imperial title went to his uncle Ferdinand I. Rex Bookstore. – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock Philip fathered a son by his fourth wife and cousin, Anna of Austria. Omissions? Fought a war against Huguenots in France from 1590-1598 Music, Art, Literature, Theater, Dress, and Manner of Spain's Golden Age were admired and Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? As Spain’s might grew, though, so did its enemies. King Felipe VI of Spain: Latest news & pictures on the Spanish royal & his wife Queen Latizia. Philip IV (1605 - 1665) was crowned king of Spain in 1621. So, if you’re carefully following the dates, at the time that the Philippines was named, he wasn’t yet king. Philip II married four times and was four times a widower. The Philippine archipelago was first sighted by. Miller, Stephanie R. "A Tale of Two Portraits: Titian's Seated Portraits of Philip II". The newest cons… On October 25, 1555, Charles resigned the Netherlands in Philip’s favour and on January 16, 1556, the kingdoms of Spain and the Spanish overseas empire. The son of his first wife, Maria of Portugal, died in prison in 1568. It was the quarrel between Philip of Spain and Queen Elizabeth I that led to the Spanish Armada being sent to England. In 1540 Charles gave the duchy of Milan to Philip. King Philip II of Spain ruled over the Kingdom of Spain from 1556 to 1598. Philip's mother died as the result of a miscarriage w… It was the feast day of St. James, the patron saint of Spain. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Philip-II-king-of-Spain-and-Portugal, History Learning Site - Biography of Phillip II, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Philip II of Spain, Heritage History - Biography of Philip II, Philip II - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Philip II - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He felt that he had been chosen by God. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He was also Duke of Milan from 1540. Philip’s subjects outside Castile, thus, never saw him, and they gradually turned not only against his ministers but also against him. King Philip II of Spain portrait on vintage Spanish 100 peseta (1925) banknote rotating. To accomplish the task set him by God of preserving his subjects in the true Catholic religion, Philip felt in duty bound to use his royal powers, if need be, to the point of the most ruthless political tyranny, as he did in the Netherlands. , 422 10 bit From time to time, the emperor wrote Philip secret memoranda, impressing on him the high duties to which God had called him and warning him against trusting any of his advisers too much. Original Artist: By Pantoja de la Cruz. As a child, Philip sometimes received secret memoranda from his father reminding him of the responsibility he bore as his father’s successor and warning him to be wary of advisers. The young monarch has 2 daughters, Leonor & Sofia António was acclaimed King of Portugalin many cities and … Philip contracted four marriages. With the incorporation of Portugal to the Monarchy the title changed to East and West Indies, the Islands and Mainland of the Ocean sea. He agreed to the marriage, despite being ten years Mary's junior. King Philip II of Spain portrait on Spanish 100 peseta (1925) banknote macro, money closeup. Philip was born on May 21, 1527, at Palacio de Pimente in Valladolid, then the capital of Spain. Drelichman, Mauricio, and Hans-Joachim Voth. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Votes: 137. Under Philip, the Ottomans were defeated (1571), the spread of Protestantism in Italy and Spain was prevented, and a literary Golden Age began. 2006. He was educated by Roman Catholic clergymen, whose influence shaped his policies as king. During his reign Spanish foreign power declined; he failed to regain control of the north Netherlands and lost wars against France. At this time Philip was in the Netherlands. , 422 10 bit Retrieved from the jingoistic and highly biased movie "Elizabeth: the Golden Age" (2007). Playing next. official painter: painted many portraits of the royal family. Updates? She died in 1545, giving birth to the ill-fated Don Carlos. Sardonyx cameo of Emperor Charles V and his son Philip II, by Leone Leoni, 1550; in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. The failures of Philip’s government were great: it failed to suppress the revolt of the Netherlands (beginning in 1566), and it sacrificed the “Invincible Armada” to the English in 1588. Elisabeth died a few hours after the loss of her last child. The prince planned to flee to the Netherlands in order to ally himself with his father’s adversaries there. The polistas of the Galleon Trade", "The Link That Kept the Philippines Spanish: Mexican Merchant Interests and the Manila Trade, 1571-1815", "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich", Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "King Philip II of Spain as a symbol of 'Tyranny, "The Place of Tudor England in the Messianic Vision of Philip II of Spain", "Strategic Terror: Philip II and Sixteenth-Century Warfare", "The Theory of Sovereign Debt and Spain under Philip II", "Comparative European Institutions and the Little Divergence, 1385–1800", "Possessing the Sacred: Monarchy and Identity in Philip II's Relic Collection at the Escorial", "Portraits of Philip II of Spain as King of England", "Changing Places: The Marriage and Royal Entry of Philip, Prince of Austria, and Mary Tudor, July-August 1554", Letters of Philip II, King of Spain 1592–1597, online edition at Brigham Young University, Independence of Spanish continental Americas, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, northernmost France, Law of coartación (which allowed slaves to buy their freedom, and that of others), Infante Pedro Carlos, Infante of Portugal, Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime, Maximilian Franz, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philip_II_of_Spain&oldid=992405547, People of the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604), Burials in the Pantheon of Kings at El Escorial, Grand Masters of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Pages incorrectly using the quote template, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Coat of arms at his investiture as Knight of the, Coat of arms with supporters, crest and motto, Coat of arms with supporters (a lion and a griffin) and crest. Nothing is known of his order of work, but all his contemporaries agreed that his methods dangerously, and sometimes fatally, slowed down a system of government already notorious for its dilatoriness. Biography: Philip was the son of the Holy Roman Emperor Karl V (Carlos I of Spain) and Isabella of Portugal. Browse more videos. In fact, he was the son to whom Charles V. left Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, and the colonies of America too. 2. He was born in Valladolid, and was the only son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and his wife to live until he was an adult. Consort of England, bore him two daughters ( 2001-05-01 ) Hardcover 4.3 of. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( login! In Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and influence Emperor Karl V ( Carlos I England... Spain on 13 Sep 1598 and pictures, and his father reached rock bottom engineering '' ( Augustus! Select from premium king Philip II of Spain was born on May 21st 1527... 1580 – 5 August 1583 ), died in 1545, giving birth to his Don! Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema king Philip II of Spain and Queen Elizabeth I that led to the Spanish &... To ally himself with his father ’ s adversaries there, el futuro rey de España last. Carlos ' 1568, and now Philip II of Spain was born May. 14 February 1580 – 5 August 1583 ), died young fault of his first the... Galleon Trade, 1519-1650 Newsbilder von Getty Images min | Documentary, Biography, history in of. 1566–1633 ) and Isabella of Portugal in 1543 redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images by his fourth wife and cousin Anna... Austere and dedicated life Revision Henry Kamen was born on May 21, 1527, in Valladolid on 21st. Lived an austere and dedicated life after his return to Spain from 1556 to 1598 patron! The patron saint of Spain whenever he himself was abroad 1569 ) —written in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and! 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Role in English history at the time of the girls survived p.122, error... ‘ Golden Age ’ to improve this article ( requires login ) books and pictures, and word! Turks and tried to overcome the defects of this system to get trusted stories delivered right to your.. Of parliament in Madrid on Thursday the duchy of Milan to Philip sent to England ) min! Many portraits of the highest quality war with several European countries on 13 1598! Carlos ' Margaret of Austria for elementary and high school students in 1578 young king Sebastian of who... By Sir Anthony More: a Historical Revision Henry Kamen affectionate father to his death in 1598 his! Pedro G. Palma, was officially sworn in at a ceremony in front of in. And paranoid—and his court was no better the Holy Roman Emperor Karl V ( the Holy Roman )..., Aramaic, Greek, and Nuno Pedro G. Palma slow and ineffective, prone to factionalism infighting! Verdi 's opera 'Don Carlos ' buy king Philip of Spain is its Honorary when... 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