www.sagepublishing.com, This item is part of JSTOR collection Therefore, rapid population growth retards investment needed for higher future consumption. A rapidly growing population increases the requirements of demographic investment which at the same time reduces the capacity of the people to save. The negative effects of rapid population growth appear to have weighed most heavily on the poorest group of countries in the developing world during the 1980s and also throughout ALTERNATIVELY, there are more mouths to feed which effects the standard of living. They highlighted that when human capital and physical capital are substitute, the increase in population have a negative impact on economic development. The mere growth of unemployed or paupers cannot lead to greater demand for goods or expansion in their markets. Neoclassical theory holds that capital, labour and technology influence the growth of an economy, while Malthusian theory suggests that population can outgrow their resources, if left unchecked. The low farm productivity has reduced the propensity to save and invest. It has dropped from 7.2 to 6.2 in the last 30 years. The blockage of economic growth from population growth was evidenced in 13 specific years. Nearly 40 to 50 per cent of the population is in the non-productive age group which simply consumes and does not produce anything. Food scarcity effects economic development in two respects. The result indicates population growth adversely related to per capita GDP growth, which means rapid population growth is a real problem for the development of Bangladesh. Having ruled out the beneficial effects of population growth in the context of the Indian economy we discuss below how population growth in India retards economic development. Population growth and economic development has a negative relationship. The growth of population is relatively very high in rural areas and it has disturbed the land man ratio. Principal offices are located in Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, Singapore, Washington DC and Melbourne. Negative Effect: Population growth has a negative effect on growth for the following three reasons: (i) Capital shallowing: The existing state of knowledge does not warrant any clear-cut generalization as to the effect of population growth on economic development in today's less developed areas. Countries that can develop better health care and medicine, strong economic plans and other social improvements that keep pace with population growth will thrive. Their income, as a consequence, is reduced and their capacity to save is diminished which, in turn, adversely affects capital formation. A large population has the potential to be great for economic development… Many studies have sought to gauge the impact of population growth on economic growth. Growth and the Environment: The Sustainability of Economic Growth. Environment Rapid Population Growth Leads to Environmental Damage 12. This also leads to the occurrence of disguised unemployment and underemployment in the agricultural sector. In a sense, so long as the rate of population growth is lower than the per capita income, rate of economic growth will rise but if population growth exceeds the rate of economic growth, usually found in the case of less developed countries, per capita income must fall. Clearly there is need for more intensive research on the actual experience of nations, currently and in the past. 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