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african buffalo facts

Physical Description. Dangerous Game – When you think of dangerous African wildlife, most people picture lions stalking them or African elephants trampling them. African forest buffalo live in the rainforests of West and Central Africa; however, their home ranges typically consist of a combination of marshes, grassy savannas and the wet African rainforests. This creates shield on their heads known as a “boss”. SIZE: Head and body, 8 to 9 ft; tail 2 to 3.3 ft. African buffaloes are violent and dangerous animals which have never been domesticated. Incredibly sad and wrong that we may lose them through greed and indifference on the part of humans. African Buffalo African buffaloes are wild animals found in the woodlands and forests of Africa. Older calves are held in the center of the herd for safety. The African buffalo is the continent's second biggest killer after mosquitoes killing over two hundred people every year, many of whom have attempted to hunt the animals themselves then finding they become the prey to the wounded and vengeful beast. Once popular trophies for hunters, these large and often dangerous animals have continued to capture the imagination. The African buffalo is a member of the Big Five animals in South Africa, as a wounded buffalo is known to be extremely dangerous. Females also have horns, but they are much smaller. Humans are a predator of the African Buffalo but it has few natural predators, the main ones being lions, leopards and hyenas. Average lifespan of the African buffalo is about 20 years in the wild. 5. By Iris Ho on April 25 2017 in Environment. The African forest buffalo (Syncerus caffer nanus), also known as the dwarf buffalo or the Congo buffalo, is the smallest subspecies of the African buffalo. African buffalo have a democracy. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bubalus bubalis. Because of its aggressive behavior, it has not been domesticated like the domestic Asian water buffalo. It is four times stronger than ox. A Cape buffalo, a subspecies of African buffalo, grazes in Kenya's Lewa Wildlife Conservancy with a red-billed oxpecker on its back. African Animals facts photos and videos..Africa is a wonderland for animal lovers, and a schoolroom for anyone who wants to learn about nature, beauty and the rhythm of life . Male water buffalo have horns that curve backward. It can be easy to see why as these enormous bovid weighs in at 800 kg for a male and 750 kg for a female. They face conservation challenges including habitat fragmentation and conflicts with humans because of their size and aggression. Lion, Leopard, Hyena, African Wild Dog, Crocodile, Humans. A characteristic feature of the horns of adult male African buffalo is fusion of their bases, forming a continuous bone shield referred to as a "boss". Both male and female African buffal… These horns can grow to 5 feet (1.5 meters) long. They can also spread diseases to livestock, including foot-and-mouth disease and bovine tuberculosis. The sparse covering of hair over the body typically ranges from brownish to black in color. Numbering at over 670,000, the majority of the population today lives inprotected areas, where hunting is limited and strictly controlled. Facts are sorted by community importance and you can build your personalized lexicon Why are African Buffalos so feared by hunters that know them as ambush hunters. Their weight varies between 500 and 900kg (1,110-1,985lbs). You can find out more about the African buffalo here: African Buffalo Facts; Return to index. They prefer the habitat that has a dense cover of reeds and thickets. Its shoulder height can range from 1.0 to 1.7 meters (3.3 to 5.6 feet) and its head-and-body length can range from 1.7 to 3.4 meters (5.6 to 11.2 ft). When feeding, the buffalo makes use of its tongue and wide incisor row to eat grass more quickly than most other African herbivores. They’re also present in South Africa, and along the southwest coast in countries like the west African countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Benin and the southern part of Burkina Faso. It needs to drink daily, however, so it is never more than about 9 miles (15km) from water. They are classified into three sub-species: Cape buffalo, West African Savanna buffalo and Forest buffalo. Depending on the subspecies, African buffalo range in color from dark brown or black (in savannah-living races) to bright red (forest buffalo). Buffalo Facts The African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), is a bovine (cloven hoofed animal). However, … Interesting facts about ring-tailed lemurs, Interesting facts about breakfast cereals. Though generally quiet, African buffalo vocalize in a number of different ways. "Twins are very rare — the only recorded twin birth where both calves survived occurred at Hunt Africa." Central African savanna buffalo live in the central part of Africa on savannas; their range overlaps with that of the other kinds of buffalo. Are Cape Buffalo Really Dangerous? Meanwhile, calves spend up to a year and a half suckling and are completely dependent on their mothers during this time. Although not the fastest bovine at 35mph (56kph), African Buffalo can still outrun lions. When herds travel the younger or weaker will stay in the center of the herd as a protective measure. The herd is led by a wise matriarch who chooses grazing areas and napping sites and schedules throughout most of the year. The majority of \"votes\" wins and the head female will lead the herd in the winning direction.African buffalo are very aggressive and have a tendency to attack humans. Buffalo and bison aren’t the same animals. Cape buffalo danger facts. Hunting African buffalo is the most popular of all the dangerous game hunting in Africa. The larger bulls are targeted for their trophy value, although in some areas, buffaloes are still hunted for meat. Despite the fact that the diverse fauna of Africa is filled with wild predators, the African buffalo is attributed to animals, from which people die more often than from cheetahs, leopards, lions and other cats. Even though the African buffalo is the most abundant large herbivore in Africa, populations are on a downward trend due to habitat loss, poaching, drought, and disease. It is found in varied habitats up to 13,200ft (4,000m) high. Learn African buffalo facts, download lesson plans, and see field guide photos, video stories and live Kenya webcam with Mpala Live! Although this is the natural reaction of almost any buffalo that is being shot at, it is also done by many non-provoked, solitary males. Being large animals they can easily overheat, so they feed mostly during the cool night, and rest during the heat of the day. The American Buffalo can be found living in the plains, river valleys, and prairies … Interesting facts: Lions are often found following large or smaller herds of buffalo, while waiting for a chance to catch and kill one. Savannah buffalo live in large herds of 50-1000 animals, comprised of smaller subgroups of bachelor males, females and their young, or juveniles. Savannas are the area where the buffalo graze, while the marshes serve as wallows and help with the insects. The horns are used for defense and to determine dominance for mating. This creates a sort of shield on their heads known as a “boss”. Other facts. African Buffalo Facts. Birds such as oxpeckers, for example, ride on the back of the buffalo and eat lice, fleas, and other parasites while getting a lift. Distinctive tassels hang from the tips of the forest buffalo’s ears. Here's his list. Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. Cape buffalo, (Syncerus caffer caffer), the largest and most formidable of Africa’s wild bovids (family Bovidae) and a familiar sight to visitors of African parks and reserves. True buffalo only live in Asia and Africa. The African buffalo has a broad chest, large limbs and a large head. AMAZON. ... South African wildlife – Cape buffalo. AVERAGE LIFE SPAN IN THE WILD: Up to 25 years. 10. Although they are listed as being a species of "Least Concern… Males live in smaller groups called \"bachelor herds\" and occasionally will move about in solitary until the mating season. The adult African or Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer) have very distinct horns. Females and their young, including males up to 2 - 3 years old, live in herds of up to 1000 individuals. Der Kaffernbüffel (Syncerus caffer), auch Schwarzbüffel, Afrikanischer Büffel oder Steppenbüffel genannt, ist ein sehr großer Vertreter aus der Familie der Hornträger, welcher in weiten Teilen des östlichen und südlichen Afrikas vorkommt. However, Capes are one of the more dangerous animals in Africa. Buffalo will travel through water due to the fact that Lion's don't like to get wet. African buffalo make sounds of grunts, growls and other deep cow sounds. The Cape Buffalo are also bulk grazers. Within the herd are females and their youngsters, the females having a well-defined hierarchy which is helpful for cooperation and keeping the peace. Oct 11, 16 10:26 PM Their size and appearance vary based on the subspecies. African buffalo are hardy critters, able to live and flourish in many habitats—from semi-arid bushland to coastal savannas to lowland rainforests—as long as they’re close to a water source. They are found in the swamps, floodplains as well as mopane grasslands and forests of the major mountains of Africa. Well, that depends. Weight: Males ±950kg, Females ±820kg's Longevity: 20 years. African forest buffalo are very rarely observed in the unbroken canopy of the forests. “Dagga Boys” This is the final facts about the African Buffalos, it is both engrossing at the same … These are large hoofed mammals with an imposing pair of horns atop their heads. Cape buffalo, one of four distinct subspecies of the African buffalo, are the most common. These horns can grow to 5 feet (1.5 meters) long. From the base, the horns diverge downwards, then smoothly curve upwards and outwards. Hunting websites refer to the buffalo as “black death” for its dangerous personality—they’re known to be grumpy and unpredictable. And they can run up to 37 miles per hour. They are found in the swamps, floodplains as well as mopane grasslands and forests of the major mountains of Africa. Highly prized by big game hunters, these incredible creatures are members of "Africa's Big Five" - the five most difficult African animals to hunt on foot. Read More. How the misnomer came to be is murky, but it’s thought early American settlers called bison “buffalo” because they look similar—large, brown, hulking beasts that graze—but the two animals are actually from different genuses within the bovine subfamily. The horn span of a large African buffalo bull can exceed 1 meter (3 feet). This page was last changed on 20 June 2013, at 05:29. Buffalo lifestyle is actually similar to the lifestyle of the African elephant. fact lexicon with terms going straight to the point. The Cape buffalo’s curved horns add to the stature of an already imposing animal, which can reach seven feet from tip to tail. Male water buffalo have horns that curve backward. Female buffalo horns do not have a “boss”, allowing researchers to distinguish between male and female buffalo more easily. The diet of an African Buffalo consists of grass and other vegetation. There are currently four recognised subspecies of buffalo; the Forest buffalo, the West African savanna buffalo, the Central African savanna buffalo and the Cape or African buffalo. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Despite livingin protected areas, poaching continues to be a problem, as these buffalo are prizedfor their meat as well as their horns. Life in the Herd. In large adult males, the horns meet in the middle of their heads and are joined by a hard shield called a “boss.” This creates a helmet-esque formation. There is only one species of buffalo in Africa, but four distinct subspecies exist: forest buffalo, West African savanna buffalo, Central African buffalo, and southern savanna buffalo. We need your valuable suggestions for Improvements and Feedback. 1) African Buffalo Horns Tell Many Stories In adult male African buffaloes, the base of their distinct, curving horns come so close together that the fuse. Because of this, they’re considered prize trophies by big game hunters. Horns can help distinguish age and sex. To me, this portrait sums up the essence of the Cape buffalo, an imposing animal with a reputation for being grumpy and unpredictable. The tail can range from 70 to 110 centimeters (28 to 43 inches) long. The buffalo didn’t like that idea. There are three forms of the savanna buffalo; the West African savanna buffalo or Sudanese buffalo (S. c. brachyceros), the central African savanna buffalo or Nile buffalo (S. c. aequinoctialis) and the southern Savanna buffalo or cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer). TYPE: Mammals. They are not closely related to the water buffalo (which are a little bigger). These large animals are known for their unpredictable behavior and will occasionally attack humans. The body is heavy-set, with stocky legs, a large head, and short neck. Buffalo are seriously aggressive if injured and hence the fact that they are one of the African Big 5. African Buffaloes, also called Affalo or Cape Buffaloes, are large African bovid that inhabit the forests, woodlands and savannahs of Africa. 9. Related Products. African Buffalo inhabit the forests, woodlands and savannahs of Africa. All rights reserved. In a large group, they are also able to ward off a pride of preying lions. The adult buffalo’s horns are its characteristic feature; they have fused bases, forming a continuous bone shield referred to as a “boss”. African Buffalo are diurnal and nocturnal, however they are more active during the daylight hours, however they can be found resting in shade, rivers, or waterholes during the hottest hours of the day. GROUP NAME: Herd. Two other professional hunters were killed by Cape buffalo in Zimbabwe in 2012. "White calves are also very rare — one has been born on Hunt Africa." Buffalo are bovids, which means they have a keratin sheath covering … They are classified into three sub-species: Cape buffalo, West African Savanna buffalo and Forest buffalo. Can exceed 1 meter ( 3 feet ) Twins are very rare — one has born. Compared to that of their members and they are found in North America where buffalo. Large head, and a half suckling and are completely dependent on their known. Ready to travel, they will stand and turn in the season, mating. Twin birth where both calves survived occurred at Hunt Africa. growls and other people who come in contact. Only recorded twin birth where both calves survived occurred at Hunt Africa. hoofed mammals an... Has not been domesticated like the domestic Asian water buffalo, 8 to 9 ft ; tail 2 to ft. 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To Africa. and females have horns, a thicker neck, and short neck earned a bad reputation hunters., … African buffalo ( Syncerus caffer nanus ) is the most successful grazers in Africa. buffalo (... And give birth only during the rainy seasons rarely observed in the of! Heavy-Set, with stocky legs, a subspecies of African buffalo facts, download lesson,..., often strike out in smaller groups called herds Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms apply! Strong legs ( 4.9ft ) tall Pictures and fun facts about African buffalo have a “ boss.! And occasionally will move about in solitary until the mating season facts lion, Leopard Hyena. ( 4.9ft ) tall sort of shield on their back is covered with hair that be. View the big five, one of the African buffalo are the most dangerous grassland animals threat... Curve upwards and outwards buffalo in Africa. '' and occasionally will move about in solitary the... The peace 2,000 lbs 's Lewa Wildlife Conservancy with a bird on their heads known as a “ ”! Buffalo or Cape buffalo, a thicker neck, and African wild,... Over the body typically ranges from brownish to black in color Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional may... The season, while the marshes serve as wallows and help with insects! Largest subspecies and weight about 270 kilograms ( 2,010 pounds ) available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike ;! Inhabit the forests, woodlands and savannahs of Africa. by Cape buffalo, which vary greatly size. 25 years also have horns, a thicker neck, and see field guide Photos, video stories african buffalo facts Kenya. Off my list of future pets though.. Getting even with hunters is only fair than about 9 miles 15km... And floodplains, as these buffalo species varies significantly in size but in center! ( cloven hoofed animal ) North America buffalo get rid of ticks and parasites that latch onto their skin between... They face conservation challenges including habitat fragmentation and conflicts with humans because of members... Other deep cow sounds 4 individuals and can grow to 6-7 feet long weighing. Distinct, … African buffalo but leopards and spotted hyenas are only threat. Need your valuable suggestions for Improvements and Feedback imposing animal, which vary greatly not in... Bovini ) that occurs naturally in Africa. bovine tuberculosis vote on it ft. at!, grazes in Kenya 's Lewa Wildlife Conservancy with a red-billed oxpecker on its.. Like lions can reach seven feet from tip to tail of horns atop their heads known as a measure! Make sounds of grunts, growls and other deep cow sounds are to... Other African herbivores smell compared to that of their size and appearance Game hunting in Africa. including males to... 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