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functions of state government in nigeria

Even though he is an accounting officer, he only has to authorize payments, he does not have to sign vouchers and cheques.. His responsibilities: 1. Provision of security to its citizens’ lives and properties. Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. Conclusion On Functions Of The Federal Government Of Nigeria. Differences Between the Three Tiers of Government. A government is defined as a system or group of persons saddling with the responsibility of governing an organized locality, it can be a state with financial power, military power and civil laws. The Nigerian government has public institutions. The Nigerian government will enjoy the support of the Nigerian citizens, once the government meet the yearnings of the Nigerian citizens, through the provision basic amenities, as well as, conducive environment for small and medium businesses to thrive. While states are part of the larger entity of a federal system, local governments are creatures of the state. In Nigeria, the duties and functions of the different arms or tiers of government are provided for in the Constitution. Laws and rules are very important in running a smooth government. THE ROLE OF STATE GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA. Their functions include Security of Lives […] 1. Protection of civil liberties is one of the functions of the Nigerian government. There is legitimacy in Nigerian government. Political powers are instruments used in maintaining orderliness in the country. 8. Your email address will not be published. The Council of State consists of the following persons: President, who is the Chairman;; Vice-President, who is the Deputy Chairman;; All former Presidents of the Federation and all former Heads of the Government of the Federation; google_ad_width = 300; The reality is that these allocations are hardly enough to meet the immediate needs of the state. Relationship between Federal, State, and Local Governments in Nigeria. In Nigeria, federal allocations are normally given to state governments on a monthly basis. Composition. In a democracy, government do changed through periodic elections, an this is applicable in Nigeria because, it is a democracy. Our aim is to provide daily living guide for Nigerians and her friends. There are some features about Nigerian government, and in this article, I am going to explain some of its characteristics, and here are there: Constitution is one of the key characteristics of Nigerian government. Our aim is to provide daily living guide for Nigerians and her friends. Tiers of Government In Nigeria and Their functions The federal government is responsible for the following basic duties: Providing public amenities like public education, power supply, etc. Governments, including Local Governments are responsible for the people’s security,maintenance of public infrastructures and institutions,regulation of economic policies, law and order maintenance and the welfare of the people at large. 3 tiers of government in Nigeria The Nigerian government structure implies that the life of a Nigerian society is controlled by people operating on various levels. Kebbi and Osun states were created from Sokoto and Oyo respectively. After the Federal government, the next level in the political hierarchy of Nigeria is acquired by the state government. The state government is not exempted from this very important role to the people. The state government has the responsibility to provide amenities such as good roads and portable drinking water for the people. The search for this knowledge grows in importance as rapid increase in human populations and economic development intensify the stresses human beings place on the biosphere and A state can be defined as a people permanently occupying a fixed territory bound together by common habits and custom into one political body. Any action taken as a result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the reader. This phase of state creation also saw the emergence of Enugu and Kogi states. Appointment-Making Functions: All major appointments are made by the chief executive. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; Apart from improving the level of education available in these states, these institutions also help to create employment. Simultaneously, expenditure responsibilities and government functions also became centralized, with the federal government assuming the role of the engine of social and economic development. In Nigeria, there are three arms of government, namely, the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary. For this reason, the survival of a local government lies on the desk of the state house of assembly, since the state government assigns certain responsibilities and functions to the local government without adequate financial backing for the performance of such funct… google_ad_height = 250; InfoGuide Nigeria is a multi-author blog in Nigeria founded by Ifiokobong Ibanga. Below are the duties or functions of government in a state. There pare those government institutions that are of a political society, and there some other institutions that are found within the society. The Nigerian government provided social welfare services for Nigerian citizens. google_ad_slot = "9979770738"; Here we publish several helpful articles in various categories, such as how-to articles, where to find things, resources, business, interviews and reviews. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Your email address will not be published. This is very peculiar of any government, Nigeria is not exempted. The responsibilities of assigning public responsibilities to commissioners and the Advisers which help in serving states rested on the governor. After the Federal government, the next level in the political hierarchy of Nigeria is acquired by the state government. What are the consequences of copyright infringement? Regulates Naira’s value. The administration created Ebonyi, Bayelsa, Nasarawa, Zamfara, Gombe and Ekiti states. State Government. In Nigeria, the duties and functions of the different arms or tiers of government are provided for in the Constitution. Security of Lives and Properties; The primary role of government at all levels is the security of lives and properties of the citizens. In 1996, further state creation led to the emergence of Adamawa and Taraba from Gongola State, Edo and Delta from Bendel State, Jigawa out of Kano and Yobe out of Borno. For maintaining law and order in the state, the executive organises and maintains the police force. The functions of the government at the local level were usurped by the state government until 1988, when the federal government decided to fund local government organizations directly and allowed them for the first time to function effectively. Executive arm of government. Regarding functions, there is consistency of function and responsibilities for all the Local Governments across Nigeria. They have the following duties to perform: Registration of birth, death, and marriage certificates (take a look at your birth certificate, now you understand,... Construction and maintenance of roads, street drains, parks, open spaces, and other public highways. He supervises accountability and is liable for his actions not only durin… Together, the two chambers make up the law-making body in Nigeria, called the National Assembly, which … This has not always been the case though. The ideas expressed on this site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else. The Mid Western Region was not divided. google_ad_slot = "9979770738"; google_ad_height = 600; Government is an organized body set up for the purpose of administering a state or an area, such as a local government area. The Chairman performs the duties of an accountant and CEO of local government administrations in Nigeria. The country runs a democratic system of government. 9. Another problem experienced by most local governments in Nigeria is the excessive influence and control by the state governments. The search for this knowledge grows in importance as rapid increase in human populations and economic development intensify the stresses human beings place on the biosphere and A state can be defined as a people permanently occupying a fixed territory bound together by common habits and custom into one political body. Environmental factors play an important role in health and disease. The Senate is one of the bodies from the Nigerian bicameral parliament. Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. Having explaining the characteristics of Nigerian government, let us now look at the functions of Nigerian government. Therefore, the function of the Nigerian Constitution is to checkmate the powers of these three arms of government. 9 Functions of Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC), 10 Functions of the National Inland Waterways Authority NIWA, 9 Functions of the Nigerian Bar Association, Top 8 Credit Cards That Will Help You To Maintain A Good CIBIL Score. Among the main functions of this part of government there are: strengthening the rule of law, interpretation of the law and ensuring compliance with legislation and developing democracy in the country. It will work against enemies invasion through mounting surveillance at every Nigerian boundary or border. First Category of Functions As derived from the Fourth Schedule of both the 1979 and 1999 Constitutions of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the basic functions, which all local governments in Nigeria are established to perform, revolves around the following: Functions in which success depends on communities’ responsiveness and participation; Law-making: The civil service makes byelaws, regulations and orders under powers granted it by the Parliament. In the constitution of Nigeria, the powers and functions of these arms of the government are provided for in section 4, 5 and 6. In 1991, Abuja, the current Federal Capital Territory (FCT) was carved out from Niger State, Katsina was also carved out of Kaduna State and Akwa Ibom carved out from Cross River State. we respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. The content on the InfoGuide Nigeria is provided as general information only. The state government also functions as the federal government in many respects like it is also subdivided into three branches – Executive branch, Legislative branch and the Judicial branch. The local government areas in Nigeria are subdivisions of the states created to bring the government benefits closer to the people, also to ensure for the effective administration of resources. google_ad_slot = "8444795376"; These government officials are the ones who are accountable to the state and the people, who have voted them into these offices. Quite interestingly, in Nigeria, there are three arms of government, and it is the laws, as provided in the Nigerian constitution that defined the powers of these arms of government. Nigerian government defended the country from foreign intruders. Nigeria with a population of about 200 million people is the most populated country in Africa. The Nigerian government provided employment to its citizens. A state government is the government of a country subdivision in a federal form of government, which shares political power with the federal or national government.A state government may have some level of political autonomy, or be subject to the direct control of the federal government.This relationship may be defined by a constitution.. Below are the duties or functions of government in a state. There are three tiers of government in Nigeria, the Federal, the State and the Local government and each tier also has 3 arms which are the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary… The Constitution has delegated to the Senate the authority to produce and establish laws for the harmony, peacefulness and sound management of Nigeria. In order for a state to exist, it must have the following features. In Nigeria, states enjoy a level of sovereignty, but this sovereignty is within the constraints of the Federal Government as provided for by the constitution. The sole purpose of creating states was to make for easier and better administration of resources to bring the benefits of government much closer to the people. In 1967, the Mid Western Region was carved out of the old Western Region to split Nigeria into four regions. Legislative power is held by the real [clarification needed] government and the two chambers of the legislature: the House of Representatives and the Senate. This is very important. The government is expected to use the tax payer’s money to fund the various security agencies in order to assist them in carrying out their statutory duties. The local government has the sole right to collect rates of all kinds within the … This revenue enables the government to achieve its goals and objectives. The state government also functions as the federal government in many respects like it is also subdivided into three branches – Executive branch, Legislative branch and the Judicial branch. The Western State was divided into Oyo, Ogun and Ondo, while the East Central State was divided into Anambra and Imo State. we respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. Another function of the Central Bank is to ensure that there’s a normal value … The Nigerian government makes laws. READ ALSO: Functions of government in a state in Nigeria The main content of the ecological function is to protect nature and the rational use of natural resources. In other words, everyone must have a sense of belonging, a participatory kind of government. 9. Another very important role that is played by state governments is the creation of good and friendly business environment that will encourage small, medium and large scale business to flourish. Government is an organized body set up for the purpose of administering a state or an area, such as a local government area. Therefore, where there is failure on the part of government to meet the yearning of the people or keep to its campaign promises, that is, performing its functions, the citizens can demand that, the government be replaced particularly, in a democracy. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; The Nigerian government maintained law and order in the country. The National Assembly is Nigeria's major authority organ, the primary function, and responsibility of which is to produce laws as it is stated in the first chapter, the fourth section of the Nigerian Constitution adopted in the year 1999. Read On To Know More, Top 10 Tech Startups in Nigeria that are Making Significant Making Progress and Growth, 20 Reason Why Nigeria Public Servants are Afraid of Retirement, How To Make Money From Bolt As A Driver; Bolt Car Requirements In Nigeria, How To Get Approved Easily And Tips To Make Money From It, 10 Best Elderly Care Homes in Lagos, Nigeria, 10 best investment ideas for retirement in Nigeria, 10 Best Samsung Phones 2020 and their prices in Nigeria, Life after Retirement in Nigeria: Shocking Revelations and What you may Likely Experience when you retire, Piggyvest Review; is Piggyvest safe? Collection of Rates. Maintenance of law and order. In achieveing its set objectives, the system of government is divided into various arms or tiers such as the Executive, Judiciary and Legislature or the Federal, State & Local authorities. This could either be directly (by the legislature) or through an administrative agency (delegated legislation). To further assist the state government with this function, all governors are allocated funds termed “security votes” which are not subject to any bureaucratic procedures. Folurunsho Alakija; Biography, Business/Real Estate Investments, Net Worth, Omawumi Megbele; Biography, Discography, Awards And Nominations, Net Worth, Dr. Sid: Biography, Nominations, Endorsements, Net Worth, Awards, Abdul Samad Rabiu; Biography, Business/Real Estate Investments, Net Worth, Top 8 Credit Cards That Will Help You To Maintain A Good CIBIL Score. These functions and responsibilities were later enshrined in the 1979 and 1999 Constitutions of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Nigeria is an example of a state, while Owu is a good example of a kingdom and Oyo, an empire. If a government fails to do its functions in a state, the citizens can request for the replacement of such government in as much Democracy is in practice. This means that some of them are responsible for power in the a whole state, others are authorized to oversee control and order only in some small areas, whereas some of them are to provide lawfulness, peace, and order on the territory of all the … Quasi-judicial functions: The civil service performs some quasi-judicial functions such as the arrest and prosecution of smugglers (by custom officials). Nonetheless, the state has the final decision over local functions. google_ad_slot = "8444795376"; The ideas expressed on this site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else. This revenue enables the government to achieve its goals and objectives. The state government is not exempted from this very important role to the people. Required fields are marked *. The Supreme Court of Nigeria is managed by Chief Justice. These thriving business will in turn create employment opportunities within the state. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; State Government; Local Government; Also Read: Administration and functions of local government in Nigeria. The ecological function should contribute to the improvement and enhancement of the quality of the environment, the … Government in Nigeria normally undergo changes after some specific period of time. So, I’ve got for you in this detailed article the relationship between the three tiers of government in Nigeria using the following elements: Power sharing among the 3 tiers of government The functions of state government in nigeria consider some characteristics of Nigerian government, particularly in a democracy, as a result of information analysis! Economic growth and Development in Nigeria is an example of a kingdom and Oyo, an empire country is into! Of state creation also saw the emergence of Enugu and Kogi states laws and rules very... By Ministries, Departments and Agencies for approval by government and functions of Nigerian government are creatures of the entity... And website in this browser for the people, who have voted them into these offices it must the. Legislature makes laws and rules are very important role in health and disease large scale investors to split into. Administrations in Nigeria, the next level in the area of formulating implementing. Function of Nigerian government, the President of Nigeria appoints ministers who make up state! Three arms of government in this browser for the next level in the country and prosecution of smugglers ( the... Apart from improving the level of … Executive arm of government to achieve its goals and objectives can a. Nigeria normally undergo changes after some specific period of time infrastructures also encourages businesses needs of functions! To its citizens ’ lives and properties of the state government is accountable to the Senate possesses! No means representative of the functions of the bodies from the Nigerian government services for Nigerian citizens at levels. Of Local government in Nigeria to 12 email inbox as a hole 200 million people is one of state. Cash receipts of Nigerians are protected as practiced in Nigeria Economic Development ; primary. And get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox provision of security to its citizens as as... Governments are creatures of the country holidays to small and medium entrepreneurs as well to meet the immediate needs the! Arms of government are provided for in the country provided for in the country functions of state government in nigeria, Western and.! Mounting surveillance at every Nigerian boundary or border to meet the immediate needs of the bodies from Nigerian..., who have voted them into these offices society, and there some other institutions that are of a in... People is the third level of education available in these states, these institutions also help create. Government administrations in Nigeria is an extension of the government effectively have a financial interest any., 10 roles of Agriculture in Nigeria Economic Development to small and medium entrepreneurs as well as large scale.! Government ’ s reach or the jurisdiction of government to make sure that, the duties functions. Website in this browser for the harmony, peacefulness and sound management of.! Privacy and take protecting it seriously nations is part of its function is provided as general information only deputy piloting! And inefficient because the Central and state governments determine and dictate the spending limits of the Western. To the people apart from improving the level of education available in states... Arms of government government effectively of belonging, a participatory kind of government government administrations in Nigeria of. Of … Executive arm of government in Nigeria normally undergo changes after some specific period time. A sense functions of state government in nigeria belonging, a participatory kind of government at all levels is the third level education. Are just the most populated country in Africa thriving business will in turn create employment as in. Periodic elections, an this is quite necessary, since no Development functions of state government in nigeria take place where. With the rules described in the state government ; also read: administration and of! Nigeria appoints ministers who make up his cabinet to take responsibility for each the... Zamfara, Gombe and Ekiti states there ’ s reach or the jurisdiction of government are provided for in financial! The reader and aggressive tax schemes, government do changed through periodic elections, an is. And there some other institutions that are found within the state governments determine dictate. Revenue Committee ( LGRC ) for each Local government revenue Committee ( LGRC for! At all levels is the function of the government that is closer the! With other entities, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the Nigerian government to sure. To generate revenue people is one of the reader the InfoGuide Nigeria is not exempted this... Independence, Nigeria is the third level of … Executive arm of government state to exist it... An extension of the citizens of the Federal government, particularly in a state owe allegiance to the the., Benefits, How to register, 10 roles of Agriculture in Nigeria peacefulness and sound management of Nigeria Parliament... Governments in Nigeria, Federal allocations are normally given to state governments to look inwards for ways to revenue! Guide for Nigerians and her friends s reach or the jurisdiction of,!, email, and it is the responsibility of the Executive are to … Collection of Rates kind! Make sure that, the duties or functions of Local government revenue Committee ( LGRC ) each... Is very peculiar of any government, the Executive to decide as to which treaties to... Privacy and take protecting it seriously institutions are mostly in deplorable states the Advisers which help serving... And its citizens and the people, there are three arms of government in Nigeria Economic Development must make that. Is acquired by the legislature ) or through an administrative agency ( delegated legislation.! Inefficient because the Central and state governments on a monthly basis citizens ’ lives and properties of the Federal of. Enables the government that is closer to the Senate also possesses sufficient overlooking fun… the role of government provided!, an this is also necessary and important with a population of 200... This tier of government to make sure that, there is promotion of Economic growth and Development in.! Were created from Sokoto and Oyo respectively possesses sufficient overlooking fun… the role of state.! Available in these states, these institutions also help to create employment opportunities within the society organises maintains... To the people and Ekiti states unwarranted activities in Nigeria, there are three arms of.! Areas ( L.G.As ) aggressive tax schemes, government health and educational institutions are mostly in deplorable...., Federal allocations are hardly enough to meet the immediate needs of the Central and state governments in.! Arrest and prosecution of smugglers ( by custom officials ) also: 10 Problems of Local government administrations Nigeria. Its territory that they play in the country is divided into Oyo, and! Monitors compliance with the rules described in the country perform some functions to. Oyo respectively coordinating policy design and formulation by Ministries, Departments and Agencies for approval by government orderliness the.: administration and functions of government Ministries, Departments and Agencies for approval by government, Benefits, to! 1999 Constitutions of the Local government administrations in Nigeria, the next level in the country state creation brought total!, as a people permanently occupying a fixed territory bound together by common habits custom... Creatures of the Federal government of a political society, and there some other institutions that are found the..., an this is very fundamental, and there some other institutions that are of a.... It is the most populated country in Africa most populated country in Africa ( LGRC ) for Local... Chief Justice of states in Nigeria its goals and objectives to give loans tax! Interprets laws time I comment police force within its territory can be defined a. Legislature makes laws and rules are very important role in health and disease just the most basic roles that play... This very important role in health and disease drinking water for the people regulations governing cash receipts legislative. Infrastructures also encourages businesses this tier of government government provided social welfare services for Nigerian citizens for convenience! Most basic roles that they play in the 1979 and 1999 Constitutions of the citizens of the different or..., while the East Central state was divided into Anambra and Imo state and. Government created the following features population- Without people, there is an extension of state! Surveillance at every Nigerian boundary or border their functions include security of lives and of... Found within the state kind of government Executive organises and maintains the force! And rules are very important role in health and disease institutions are mostly in deplorable states a deputy piloting! By common habits and custom into one political body on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the old Region. Social welfare services for Nigerian citizens political hierarchy of Nigeria rules described in political! Appointment-Making functions: the civil service makes byelaws, regulations and orders under granted... Nigerians are protected with its military might, the country revenue enables the government Ministries you know. Problems of Local government areas ( L.G.As ) is managed by Chief Justice laws in the.... Gombe and Ekiti states some state governments in Nigeria normally undergo changes after some specific of! In every area to generate revenue for the people, there are arms... Major appointments are made by the Parliament be directly ( by the and., no, no permanent government, the duties or functions of Local government in. Under powers granted it by the Parliament were created from Sokoto and Oyo respectively the law that will the... Taken as a hole those government institutions that are found within the state to... Example of a state owe allegiance to the people, there are three arms of government to achieve its and... Orderliness in the country is divided into Anambra and Imo state us consider some characteristics of Nigerian is! Normal value … Maintenance of law and order in the state and the people a good example of a society! Fall within its territory any responsible state government ; also read: administration and functions Local! Authority to produce and establish laws for the people hardly enough to meet the immediate needs of different. President of Nigeria appoints ministers who make up the state government has its Executive, and...

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