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features of computer network

over the internet. . A computer network is a group of two or more devices (nodes) linked together to enable data and resource sharing. . over the internet. It results in better performance with high speed of processing. By Chaitanya Singh | Filed Under: Computer Network. . 1. 1. Computer networks components comprise both physical parts as well as the software required for installing computer networks, both at organizations and at home. Network allows the security by ensuring that the user has the right to access the certain files and applications. The WANs are also referred to as long-haul networks. Some of its main uses are as follows − Information and Resource Sharing − Computer networks allow organizations having units which are placed apart from each other, to share information in a very effective manner. Network provides us to communicate over the network in a fast and efficient manner. The key characteristics that are often used to differentiate between these two types of networks are as follows: 1. A local area network, or LAN, consists of a computer network at a single site, typically an individual office building. A computer network has following features: Performance: Performance of a computer network is measured in terms of response time. A LAN typically relies mostly on wired connections for increased speed and security, but wireless connections … We can install the applications on the main server, therefore, the user can access the applications centrally. Network and Sharing Revisions. The smallest LAN may only use two computers, while larger LANs can accommodate thousands of computers. File sharing is one of the major advantage of the computer network. Programs and software in any computer can be accessed by other computers linked to the network. Many network operating systems can detect hardware within the system to allow for asset discovery within the network. Since the files are stored in the main server which is centrally located. But, it decreases the speed of the connection and data of the transmission speed also decreases, this increases the chances of error occurring. . Types of IP addresses. 1) Static … • Self-configuration and Optimization: A network should have a minimal intervention of the administrator. Sitemap. This lesson is all about fundamentals of computer networking and we describe a list of common components of a typical small network and see how we can lay them out in network diagrams. 1.1. Aside from this, they will be dependent on the main file server, which means that, if it breaks down, the system would become useless, making users idle. For example, we can do video conferencing, email messaging, etc. So, we do not need to install the software on every machine. Computer is an electronic device which is used to store the data, as per given instructions it gives results quickly and accurately. A network allows a user to instantly connect with another user, or network, and send and receive data. Computer networks can be categorized by scale or range, connection method, functional relationship, network topology or specialized function, among others. This means the network … Buildings with multiple wireless networks can often cause interference, which disrupts user access to the information that they may require. Therefore, it is easy to take the back up from the main server. Computer networking allows the sharing of a feature such as a DVD player from one computer to another in the network that does not have a DVD player, as an example of shared resources. Certified Network Support Professional. This section contains information about new features for familiar networking technologies. You can share printers, fax machines, scanners, network connection, local drives, copiers and other resources. Similarly, hardware can also be shared. . 1. Computer network provides us to share the files with each other. Your email address will not be published. Backup and Role back is Easy: Since files and software are on central location therefore it is easy to … ACCURACY : Since Computer is programmed, so what ever input we give it gives result with accuratly. Scalability: A computer network should be scalable which means it should always allow to add new computers (or nodes) to the already existing computer network. Required fields are marked *, Copyright © 2012 – 2020 BeginnersBook . . © Copyright 2011-2018 www.javatpoint.com. DHCP. Router operates on the network layer of OSI model using the physical layer, data link layer and network layer to provide connectivity, addressing and switching. . . In turn, you must have a series of parameters that allow the administrator to adjust them to obtain an opti… JavaTpoint offers college campus training on Core Java, Advance Java, .Net, Android, Hadoop, PHP, Web Technology and Python. Answered by: Suresh from Mumbai This problem can be overcome by using the routing or switching devices. Network operating systems support the basic underlying operating features of networks. The term network services is used to describe a wide range of software and connectivity tools that are managed by a central group and distributed to the networked computers. Computer networks share common devices, functions, and features including servers, clients, transmission media, shared data, shared printers and other hardware and software resources, networkinterface card (NIC), local operating system (LOS), and the network operating system (NOS). . Had it not been of high importance, nobody would have bothered connecting computers over a network. . The establishment of standardized network protocols enables the exchange to take place between personal computers and the server software. Computer networks rely upon a high-quality installation process. Improve the reliability of the computer system. The benefits of wireless networking depend on the standard employed: . . JavaTpoint offers too many high quality services. Computer networks have become invaluable to organizations as well as individuals. These include support for processors and the various protocols that allow computers to share data. Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer Networking Last Updated: 19-12-2018 Computer network is defined as a set of interconnected autonomous systems that facilitate distributed processing of information. Security: A computer network should be secure so that the data transmitting over a network should be safe from unauthorised access. A LAN is very useful for sharing resources, such as data storage and printers. Therefore, the computer network is a great way to share our knowledge and ideas. Advantages of computer networking. The software components are operating system and protocols. Main benefits of networks include: File sharing - you can easily share data between different users, or access it remotely if you keep it on other connected devices. Privacy Policy . . To receive consistent coverage for a computer network, there must be a minimal level of electromagnetic interference. Popular WLAN technologies follow one of the three main Wi-Fi communication standards. All rights reserved. For example, we can do video conferencing, email messaging, etc. SPEED : In general, no human being can compete to solving the complex computation, faster than computer. Network Characteristics Networks are broadly classified into two types: local area networks (LANs) and wide area networks (WANs). Data transfer and e-mail : Data and network file transfer is an important feature of modern LANs not only transmit files, data, information, but also can send voice, images. It allows remote users to connect with one other via videoconferencing, virtual meetings and digital emails. New Features for Additional Networking Technologies. Routers are used to connect both similar and dissimilar LANs. . . Also, the sent data should be received as it is at the receiving node, which means there should not be any loss of data during transmission. . The response time of sending and receiving data from one node (computer in a computer network are often referred as node) to another should be minimal. A computer network is a group of computers that use a set of common communication protocols over digital interconnections for the purpose of sharing resources located on or provided by the network nodes.The interconnections between nodes are formed from a broad spectrum of telecommunication network technologies, based on physically wired, optical, and wireless radio-frequency methods that … . A list Of Computer network features is given below. Software and hardware compatibility: A computer network must not limit all the computers in a computer network to use same software and hardware, instead it should allow the better compatibility between the different software and hardware configuration. Computer networks create more opportunities for information security. • Scalability: A network must work well independently of the number of nodes that compose it. . Govt. The primary purpose of computer networking is to facilitate communication. . However, wired LANs usually requires devices like hubs, switches, or routers to accommodate more computers. Basic of Networking A computer network consists of a collection of computers, printers and other equipment that is connected together so that they can communicate with each other. . Network must be scalable so that we can extend the network by adding new devices. A single computer can be a … • Scope: A network architecture should solve so many general problems as possible. 1. These are highly intelligent devices. Developed by JavaTpoint. Two computers can be wired to each other using an Ethernet crossover cable. Computer network is a group of two or more computers that connect with each other to share a resource. Please mail your requirement at hr@javatpoint.com. . Mail us on hr@javatpoint.com, to get more information about given services. A computer network has following features: Performance: Performance of a computer network is measured in terms of response time. Besides physically connecting computer and communication devices, a network system serves the important function of establishing a cohesive architecture that allows a variety of equipment types to transfer information in a near-seamless fashion. Scalability means that we can add the new components on the network. Internet is the best example of Computer network that helps you to exchange data between two or more Computers over a network. To communicate over the network hubs, switches, or network, there must be a minimal of... Operating systems support the basic underlying operating features of a computer network provides us communicate. Be built with relatively inexpensive hardware, such as hubs, network topology or specialized function among. Better Performance with high speed of processing are stored in the network in a and. Create more opportunities for information security the basic underlying operating features of networks are as follows 1. 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